WELCOME 1730's Pennsylvania Maps WELCOME

Lewis Evans began his exploration and mapmaking career in the 1730's, and at the end of the decade came an important map from Benjamin Eastburn used by the Penns in their squabble with Lord Baltimore.

1730.1 RECENS EDITA TOTIUS NOVA BELGII IN AMERICA SEPTENTRIONALI FITI, DELINEATO CURA ET FUMTIBUS MATTHAEI SEUTTERI, CHALCOGRAPHI AUGUFTANI, by Matthaus Seutter as the title says (McCorkle #730.5). This is a very colorful map full of fancy engravings and is Suetter's version of the Jansson-Visscher map. It is reproduced in Van Erman dated circa 1728, in Portinaro & Knirsch dated 1720; see Chapter 8 in Tooley where the various versions of this map are discussed. Several states are also listed at MapForum.Com , Issue 15. It was published for almost 100 years by the succession of Dutch cartographers Jansson - Visscher - Seutter - Lotter. A 1656 version can be seen at New York State Historical Maps and a 1685 version at MAGIC: Map and Geographic Information Center . A later version was put out by Seutter's son-in-law Tobius Lotter around 1760. Image from the Heritage Map Museum CD by permission.
  1730.2 ACCURATA DELINEATIO CELEBERRIMAE REGIONIS LUDOVICIANAE VEL GALLICE LOUISIANE OL. CANADAE ET FLORIDAE ADPELLATIONE IN SEPTEMTRIONALI AMERICA..., a map which appears in several Matthaus Seutter atlases (McCorkle #730.3), and is based upon the de Fer 1718 map. A Spanish map with this same title was seen dated 1698. This map can be seen at the Darlington Library dated circa 1734.
  1730.3 CARTE DU CANADA OU DE LA NOUVELLE FRANCE ET DES DECOUVERTES QUI Y ONT ETE FAITES..., by Guillaume del'Isle (McCorkle #730.1). A reissue of the 1703 map (McCorkle #703.5).
1730.4 A MAP OF NEW ENGLAND, NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY AND PENSILVANIA BY H. MOLL GEOGRAPHER. NOTE: THE TOWNS TO WHICH MISSIONARIES ARE SENT ARE MARKED THUS + 1730. This map by Herman Moll comes from An historical account of the incorporated Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts: Containing their foundation, proceedings, and the success of their missionaries in the British colonies, to the year 1728, by David Humphreys, printed by Joseph Downing, London 1730. Its purpose was to show the location of missions, given by the little buildings with crosses on top. This is the third version of Moll's original 1708 map (McCorkle #730.2). It shows the region from Massachusetts down to Delaware. Pennsylvania is shown to just beyond the Susquehanna River. This copy is in only fair condition, browned with a split and small amount of missing material at a fold line where it was originally folded into the book. The map can also be seen at the Darlington Library. Longitude west from London, blank verso, intaglio print. Scale: 1 inch = 26 miles. Size:13.5 x 15 inches. .
  1731.1 DRAUGHT OF A TRACT OF LAND PETITIONED FOR BY SIR WM KEITH AND OTHERS, a manuscript map in the Public Record Office reproduced in Swift(2001) and dated 1731. It shows the Great Lakes region including Pennsylvania. The English had little knowledge of these parts and the map shows it. Nothing is named except a vast area under Lake Michigan called 'Georgia or The Tract'. William Keith was a governor of Pennsylvania under the Penn proprietorship. A facsimile of this map can be seen at the Darlington Library.
  1731.2 DELINEATIS PENNSYLVANIAE AT CAESEREAE NOV. OCCIDEBT SEU WEST NIERSEY IN AMERICA, by Jonas Silfverlong Sculp. Up (Upsala?). This map is listed in Mathews, page 280, under this date who says a copy is held by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. It was apparently published in Sweden. The map appears in a publication by Tobias Biorck titled Dissertatio Gradualis, de Plantatione Ecclesiae suecanae in America..., one of the earliest accounts of New Sweden. It is Map #231S5 in the Maryland State Archives.
1732.1 (Maryland & Pennsylvania) This map of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware was prepared by John Senex, and shows the boundary settlement agreed to by the Penns and Lord Baltimore in 1732. However this did not end the dispute, which came with the Mason-Dixon survey. The map is reproduced in Schwartz (2000) and Pritchard & Taliaferro #23 dated 1732 and is probably the map listed on page 671 of Phillips dated 1733. Mathews says there are several versions of this map, a plain wood cut, a colored wood cut, a copper plate print, and manuscript copies. The woodcut version was made in 1733 by Benjamin Franklin on a commission from the Penns; five hundred copies were printed and it is sometimes claimed this was the first map printed south of New York. The map is reproduced in the Pennsylvania Archives Second Series, Volume 16, which contains the Breviate in the Pennsylvania-Maryland boundary dispute, and that image is shown here. The Maryland State Archives has several versions of this map; and a version can also be seen at the Darlington Library.
  1732.2 STATE HOUSE SQUARE (later Independence Square) Philadelphia. This manuscript map was found listed as #15 in the map archives of the American Philosophical Society in the papers of Benjamin Franklin, who is thought to have made it as 'BF' appears on the verso. A couple of land survey maps not listed here are also in Franklin's papers.
  1733.1 A very famous map titled AMERICA SEPTENTRIONALIS. A MAP OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN AMERICA WITH THE FRENCH AND SPANISH SETTLEMENTS ADJACENT THERETO, by Hen. Popple was published in 1733 (McCorkle #733.1,2). It was the first large scale printed map of North America and portions of it are reproduced in many map histories. It may be seen at the Hargrett Library Rare Map Collection - Colonial America . There is a one sheet continental location map at the front of Popple's atlas and then 20 sheets of regional maps. The location map includes the Caribbean and so is beyond consideration here. The Pennsylvania region is shown on Sheet 6 which includes New York south to Virginia and west to Michigan. This sheet is reproduced in Stephenson & McKee, also in Pritchard & Taliaferro #24. There were subsequent editions, especially of the index map, i.e McCorkle #775.10. The Rochambeau map collection in the Library of Congress contains a manuscript map, Rochambeau #35, which appears to be a copy of Popple's Sheet 6; the LOC date of 1708? is almost certainly wrong.
  1734.1 A CHART OF THE SEA COASTS OF NEW NEDER LAND, VIRGINIA, NEW-ENGLAND, AND PENN-SILVANIA. WITH THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, FROM BASTON TO CABO KERRIK, by Gerard van Keulan (McCorkle #734.1). This map is a reissue of Doncker's 1688 map that has the inset of Holme's map of Philadelphia. This issue was modified to include an inset of Boston harbor. Sellers & van Ee (#768) list a copy appearing as late as 1782 in a Dutch atlas. Reproduced in M. P. Snyder, Figure 4.
  1734.2 ORIGINAL DRAFT OF THOMAS FREAME'S LAND IN PENN., an anonymous manuscript map in the Library of Congress and listed on page 671 of Phillips. There are likely many manuscript surveyor maps from this era which have never been mentioned anywhere.
  1734.3 CARTE DE LA LOUISIANE ET DU COURS DU MISSISSIPI..., from Jean Frederic Bernard's Recueil de Voiages au Nord, Amsterdam 1734; the complete work was published from 1725 to 1738. This map is a reduced version of Guillaume Delisle's (or de L'Isle) famous map of the same title published in 1718; the coverage extends east only to Lake Erie and it has no inset. Only the western strip of Pennsylvania is included with no detail, the point of the map being to show the Mississippi region. This map can be seen at the Darlington Library dated circa 1737. Tooley (Chapter 1) describes some varients of the 1718 map, but not this one.
  1735.1 NEW ENGLAND, NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY and PENSILVANIA, by H. Moll Geographer. This version of Moll's map appeared in the Atlas Minor published by George Grierson, Dublin 1735. It also appeared in Modern History... by Thomas Salmon published in 1739, and can be seen at MapForum.Com , Issue 15.
1735.2 A MAP OF VIRGINIA ACCORDING TO CAPTAIN IHON SMITHS MAP PUBLISHED ANNO 1606 ALSO OF THE AJACENT COUNTRY CALLED BY THE DUTCH NIEW NEDERLAND ANNO 1630, by John Senex, published in A Short Account of the first settlement of the province of Virginia, Maryland, New-York, New-Jersey, and Pennsylvania, by the English..., by Fayrer Hall, London 1735. Listed on page 980 of Phillips, and the Library of Congress copy is shown here. A copy can also be seen at the Darlington Library. This map shows southeastern Pennsylvania with little detail. Chesapeake and Delaware Bay are the focus of the map.
1736.1 A MAP OF THE BRITTISH PLANTATIONS ON THE CONTINENT OF AMERICA. Stephens fecit. According to McCorkle (#736.1) this map first appeared in Volume 28 of Thomas Salmon's Modern History, published in 1736. The image shown here is from Volume 31 published in 1738 and is identical to the earlier map. Volume 31 also contains a chapter titled The Present State of Pensylvania. Salmon's history was published in many volumes from circa 1725-38. The map shows the eastern United States from Newfoundland to Florida and west to the Mississippi. Pennsylvania is shown extending to the 43rd parallel. Longitude west from London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 200 miles. Size: 14 x 12 inches.
1737.1 A MAP OF THAT PART OF BUCKS COUNTY. Although unattributed, this map was apparently originally drawn by Lewis Evans. It depicts the infamous 'Walking Purchase' of 1737. The colony purchased land from the Indians, the northern boundary determined by walking a day and a half in a northwest direction from a point in the head line of the purchase of 1682, a point near Wright's Town, and then by a right line to the Delaware River. The Indians thought they were selling the strip of land along the Delaware up to the confluence with the Lehigh River (called West Branch of Delaware on the map), which was about a day and a half walk. Prior to the 'real' walk, the Penns blazed and cleared a trail unbeknowst to the Indians and hired 3 sturdy men, Edward Marshall, James Yates, and Solomon Jennings. The men ran for a day and a half ( with rest stops) and one of them covered 86 miles. A right line from that point to the Delaware encompassed an enormous amount of land as the river falls away to the northeast. The Indians were cheated and they knew it. This image is from a facsimile of the map in Godcharles which is somewhat clearer than the faint reproduction of the original manuscript map appearing in Gipson. The original Walking Purchase document can be seen online at PHMC The Walking Purchase. A second manuscript map of the Walking Purchase was recently (2011) uncovered. It is very similar to this one, but apparently by a different hand, possibly Benjamin Eastburn, and is now in the Colonial Williamsburg collections.
1737.2 LE COURS DU FLEUVE MISSISIPI, SELON LES RELATIONS LES PLUS MODERNES. A AMSTERDAM CHEZ J. F. BERNARD 1737. This map (McCorkle #737.1, who for some reason attributes the map to d'Annville) shows the eastern United States and Southern Canada from Hudson's Bay. New Jersey is identified as Pennsylvania on this small scale map and Philadelphia is named. This map is a later version of Hennepin's map (see #1697.2) It appeared in Histoire des Yncas - Rois du Perou with L'Histoire de la Conquete de la Floride with Nouvelle Découverte d'un Très Grand Pays, situé dans l'Amerique, a set of volumes with accounts of America written by Hennepin and Garcilaso de la Vega, and published in Amsterdam, and/or possibly Paris, in 1737. De la Vega's mother was an Inca; he lived during the latter 16th century and is one of the most important early Spanish writers on America. Two older maps were included, this one and a version of Delisle's 1718 map (see #1718.1) CARTE DE LA LOUISIANE ET DU COURS DU MISSISSIPI . This image is from the Library of Congress .
  1737.3 NEW UND EXACTE CARTE VON SOUD & NORD CAROLINA, VIRGINIA, MARY LAND UND PENSILPHANIA. 1736. This map, signed E. Moseley, was published in Neu-gefundenes Eden, oder Ausführlicher Bericht von Sud- und Nord Carolina, Pensilphania, Mary Land & Virginia, Zurich 1737. It is listed in the collections of the British Library.
  1737.4 PLAN OF PHILADELPHIA, Benjamin Eastburn, 1737. A manuscript map of Philadelphia from the Delaware to the Schuylkill River and from Vine Street to Cedar Street, in the Pennsylvania State Archives. Docktor #237E1.
  1738.1 CARTE DU CANADA DEDIEE A SON ALTESSE SERENISSIME MONSEIGNEUR E.J.G. DE BIRON DUC DE COURLANDE E SEMIGALLE &C. PAR SON TRES HUMBLE & TRES OBEISSANT SERVITEUR CL. LE BEAU. This map (McCorkle #738.1) shows the east from Newfoundland to Georgia and the Great Lakes. Pennsylvania is not named, nor is much else. The map appears in Avantures du Sr. C. Le Beau, and a dotted line shows his travels. German versions of this map appeared in 1752.
1739.1 A MAP OF PART OF THE PROVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA AND OF THE COUNTIES OF NEWCASTLE, KENT, AND SUSSEX ON DELAWARE: SHOWING THE TEMPORARY LIMITS OF THE JURISDICTION OF PENNSYLVANIA AND MARYLAND, FIXED ACCORDING TO AN ORDER OF HIS MAJESTY IN COUNCIL DATED THE 25TH DAY OF MAY IN THE YEAR 1738. SURVEYED IN THE YEAR 1739. This map is by Benjamin Eastburn and was used by the Penns in the Maryland boundary dispute. It was made to show the various surveys and land claims made up to that time. Only the center section with the title is shown here, from a 1909 reproduction by the state, see Mathews. Eastburn made at least one other version c1740, see Phillips, page 672. A manuscript map by Eastburn is in the William L. Clements Library named 'A Map of the Counties of Newcastle Kent and Sussex upon the Delaware'. Its conjectured date is 1737 and it was apparently made as a draft of this map since the Delaware counties were part of Pennsylvania at the time. It is very important for Delaware history but does not show any of present day Pennsylvania, see Munroe & Dann. The manuscript version of this map is held at the Pennsylvania Archives and is reproduced on the cover (and page 78) of Shirk (see References).
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