The maps from the 1880's and
1890's look much the same. Use of the Washington meridian began
to disappear, as did hand coloring.
TEMPERATURE AND RAINFALL FOR DECEMBER, 1889, Jour. Frank.
Inst., Vol. CXXIX February 1890, State Weather
Service. The map is from an 1890 Annual Report of The
Secretary Of Internal Affairs Of The Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania despite the journal markings. The map shows
counties, major cities and towns, a detailed network of
rivers and tributaries. In red are marked the mean
December temperature and rainfall for each area. Eat your
heart out, Florida. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 25 miles.
Size: 9.25 x 15 inches.
1891 THE NORMAL
SCHOOL DISTRICTS OF PENNSYLVANIA, from The Geography
of Pennsylvania, by Jacques W. Redway, published by C.
W. Bardeen, Syracuse 1891. Redway was a prolific writer
of geographical textbooks, at times collaborating with R.
N. Hinman. This 98 page textbook has four full page maps
of the state on the end pages of which this is one. The
Normal Schools were started by the state to train school
teachers. They eventually became known as State Teacher
Colleges, and are now called the
Pennsylvania State System of
. They have grown over the
years until all are now universities. The most famous is
Slippery Rock University because of its name, and the
largest is Indiana University of Pennsylvania. The three
other schools in the west are at Edinboro, Clarion, and
California. In the middle of the state are schools at
Mansfield, Lock Haven, Bloomsburg, and Shippensburg. In
the southeast there are schools at Kutztown, Millersville,
West Chester, East Stroudsburg, and Cheney. The latter
two not yet planned when this map was made. Size: 5 x 7
1892 MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA, Copyright 1892 by the Matthews-Northrup Co., Buffalo, NY. This map folds into a red 5.25 x 2.25 inch paper cover with a more elaborate title. It has 3-89 on it, so may have been prepared in 1889. The map is printed on onion skin type paper and has some state information on the verso. Longitude from Washington at bottom, from Greenwich at top. Scale: 1 inch = 17 miles. Size: 12 x 20 inches.
1893 THE MATTHEWS
- NORTHRUP ADEQUATE TRAVEL MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA, from Matthews
& Northrup Adequate Atlas - The United States,
published by Matthews & Northrup, Buffalo 1893. Most
of the states in this small atlas have single page maps,
Pennsylvania rates a double page map. The atlas is more
than adequate, containing a list of rail lines and
population data, plus a gazetteer for each state. There
are also maps of major cities, Pittsburgh and
Philadelphia for Pennsylvania. Size: 8 x 12 inches.
GREENVILLE, MONTGOMERY COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA. 1894. Drawn
by T. M. Fowler Morrisville Pa, Published by T. M. Fowler
and James B. Moyer. This bird's eye view, or panoramic
map, is not in the Library of Congress or Pennsylvania
Archives collections; nor is it listed in the catalogs of
Stout or Reps. It is included here because of this
apparent obscurity. The town is certainly still there,
population around 3100. Size: 14 x 20 inches.
This map is believed to be from: Johnson's Universal
Cyclopedia, a new edition, prepared by a corps of
thirty-six editors, assisted by eminent European and
American specialists, under the direction of Charles
Kendall Adams New York, D. Appleton, A. J. Johnson, 1893-97.
It shows topographic features, roads, churches, hotels,
theatres, public buildings, colleges, and railroads.
Blank verso, no longitude. Scale: 1 inch = 3/4 mile. Size:
11 x 13 inches.
1896 POCKET MAP
OF PENNSYLVANIA, with compliments of Samuel R. Park, A. M.,
Principal and Proprietor of the Easton Academy; Jno. F.
Waite Pub. Co., Engravers and Publishers, Chicago, Ill.
This title is on the 5.5 x 3.5 inch cover, the map title
is simply PENNSYLVANIA. The map itself is undated, the
date comes from an accompanying calendar on the cover;
and the map is obviously an advertisement item. Rail
lines are shown, and this map suspiciously resembles a
Cram. Most of the map is shown here. Easton is in
Northampton County, and the academy, which appears to
have been a private school for boys, is apparently now
defunct. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 17 miles. Size: 13
x 19.5 inches.
DISTRICTS FOR INSANE IN PENNSYLVANIA, from Fourteenth
Annual Report of the Committee on Lunacy to the Board of
Public Charities of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for
the year ending September 30, 1896. Clarence M. Busch,
State Printer, 1897. The report is a booklet of about 30
pages. Attached to the back are 6 full page maps
including this one showing the state divided into 5
districts. The other maps are of the districts themselves,
illustrated here by the
. The maps are at a small scale
with little detail, but with vibrant color. Blank verso.
1898 RAILROAD MAP
OF PENNSYLVANIA, published by The Bureau of Railways of
the Department of Internal Affairs of Pennsylvania, Drawn
and Compiled by J. Sutton Wall, Chief Draughtsman. This
very large and attractive wall map has a linen backing
and shows the rail lines by color and name. These maps
were published (almost?) annually by the state from c1880
(see 1879) to c1920 in various formats. Simonetti lists
versions for 1893, 1895, 1904, 1908, 1910, 1911, and maps
for other years (including this one) have been seen. Only
a small portion can be shown here, most of Chester, Berks,
and Lancaster counties. J. S. Wall was apparently a
superior mapmaker and his name appears prominently on
these maps from the 1890's into the early 1900's. He began his career working for the Second Geological Survey. Blank
verso. Scale: 1 inch = 6 miles. Size: 37 x 58 inches.
1899 BAPTIST MAP
OF PENNSYLVANIA, Horace R. Goodchild, issued free by the
Pennsylvania Baptist Missionary Society, dated January,
1899, in text at the bottom. With a name like that,
Horace had to become a minister. This map shows the
location of Baptist churches (the little black dots),
rail lines are also shown. Baptists are numerous in
Pennsylvania, but not the dominant sect as they are in
the south. The largest Protestant sect in the state is
probably the Methodists, and the Roman Catholic church is
the single largest denomination. Blank verso. Scale: 1
inch = 25 miles. Size: 9 x 15 inches.