WELCOME Pennsylvania Regional Maps 1670's WELCOME

In the 1670's, William Penn became involved in land disputes among Quakers settling in New Jersey, and he even became a landowner there. Penn therefore had a hand in establishing three states, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Penn's interest in acquiring his own settlement and the King's interest in paying off a large debt owed to Penn's father coincided, and led to Penn acquiring his Pennsylvania colony in 1681.

1671.1 NOVI BELGII QUOD NUNC NOVI JORCK VOCATUR, NOVAE QZ ANGLIAE & PARTIS VIRGINIAE ACCURATISSIMA ET NOVISSIMA DELINEATIO, by Arnold Montanus, published in De Nieuwe En Onbekende Weereld...America.., Amsterdam 1671 (McCorkle #671.1, Burden #411). This map is a Jansson-Visscher derivative and is illustrated in the New England map checklist at MapForum.Com , Issue 14. The same map appeared in America: Being the Latest, and most Accurate Description of the New World..., by John Ogilby, London 1671, who used several of the Montanus maps. The images shown here, in east and west views, are from the 1673 German edition of Montanus, Die unbekante neue Welt, oder Beschreibung des Welt-teils Amerika... . The same plate was apparently used in all Montanus/Ogilby editions (see #21 in Campbell, Chapter 8 in Tooley). The west bank of the Delaware is lined with settlement names. An elaborate cartouche covers the lower right. Longitude east of Ferro, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 60 miles. Size: 11.25 x 14.5 inches.
  1671.2 NOVA VIRGINIA TABULA, this derivative of Smith's map also appeared in Montanus' De Nieuwe En Onbekende Weereld...America.., Amsterdam 1671 (Burden #412). The same map appeared in America by John Ogilby, London 1671. This is listed as derivative 8 by Verner (in Chapter 4 of Tooley).
  1671.3 NOUA TERRAE MARIAE TABULA, a map also appearing in Ogilby's America is the second version of Lord Baltimore's map of 1635. The head of Chesapeake Bay is more refined and Ogilby has tried to recover some territory for Maryland by pushing the 40th parallel past the head of the bay. The map apparently did not appear in Montanus, per the description in the Maryland State Archives where this map is #171O5. The map is illustrated in Pritchard & Taliaferro #12, Burden #417.
  1672.1 A DRAUGHT OF THE SEA COAST AND RIVERS OF VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, AND NEW ENGLAND, Taken from the latest Surveys, London Printed for Ric. Blome (McCorkle #672.1, Burden #419). This map appears in A Description Of The Island Of Jamaica ..., London, 1672, by Blome and is illustrated at MapForum.Com , Issue 14, and also in Papenfuse & Coale. Delaware Bay is named, though the river is not shown. The boundary of Maryland is indicated by a dashed line following 40 degrees to Delaware Bay and including southern Pennsylvania and all of Delaware. The map is rather crude for this late a date. There is a 1674 French version of this map included below.
  1672.2 Sometime in the 1670's, a manuscript map attributed to Hugues Randin appeared. It is reproduced in Brown, No. 3, who dates it circa 1672-1682. The map is titled CARTE DE L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE DEPUIS L'EMBROUCHURE DE LA RIVIERE ST. LAURENS JUSQUES AU SIEN MEXIQUE, and as the title indicates shows the region from the St. Lawrence to the Gulf. The Pennsylvania region is a blank. It is also illustrated in Johnson (1974) dated circa 1680 who says it was initiated by Louis de Buade, Count of Frontenac.
1673.1 VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND, by Augustine Herrman. This map is interesting because of its bearing on the Pennsylvania-Maryland boundary. It correctly shows the 40th parallel many miles north of the mouth of the Susquehanna River near the future location of Philadelphia. This map was provided to the British government prior to granting the Pennsylvania charter, but for some reason not used. The original map was in four separate panels, each reproduced in Stephenson & McKee, Burden #429. Herrman was an important figure in colonial America, see Kansky. This image is from a 1909 reproduction by the state, see Mathews. 
  1673.2 NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABVLA. The dating of this map is uncertain (McCorkle #680.2, Burden #434). It has the same title as a 1662 map by Hugo Allard (Burden #373). Burden says that the maps of Jansson, Visscher, and Nieuwenhof can be reliably dated, but the maps of Danckerts and Allard cannot. Sometime circa 1670-80 Justus Danckerts published this derivative of the Jansson-Visscher maps which of course did not include Pennsylvania. A 1685 State 2 version is titled NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PENNSYLVANIAE, ET PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABVLA and illustrated at MapForum.Com , Issue 14, where this State 1 map is dated circa 1673. Burden considers this the last map of the Jansson-Visscher series and the map naming Pennsylvania to be different enough to be considered a new map.
  1673.3 (Great Lakes) A manuscript map is reproduced in The Annals of America, Vol. 1 page 307 (see Adler in the References), dated 1673 and called Louis Jolliet's "Smaller Map." It shows the Great Lakes region. The Pennsylvania region is a blank.
  1673.4 A NEW MAPP OF THE NORTH PART OF AMERICA FROM HUDSON STRAIGHTS COMMANLY CALL'D THE NORWEST PASSAGE INCLUDING NEWFOUNDLAND NEW SCOTLAND NEW ENGLAND VIRGINIA MARYLAND & CAROLENA, by John Thornton (McCorkle #673.4, Burden #432). This map has the coast as two disconnected parts separated right where Pennsylvania would be, the region is a blank. It is reproduced in Pritchard & Taliaferro.
  1674.1 COSTES ET RIVIERES DE VIRGINIE, DE MARILAND ET DE NOUVELLE ANGLETERRE, R. Michault sculp., published by Henri Justel in Receuil De Divers Voyages Faits En Afrique Et En L'Amerique ..., Paris, 1674 (McCorkle #674.1, Burden #439). This map is similar to the Blome map 1672.1 and illustrated at MapForum.Com , Issue 14. It is listed in the Maryland State Archives as MSA SC 1399 -1-452.
1674.2 Marquette and Joliet are famous names in French exploration of the North American interior. A manuscript map by Louis Joliet titled NOUVELLE DECOUVERTE DE PLUSIEURS NATIONS DANS LA NOUVELLE FRANCE, and dated 1673-1674 is reproduced in Fite & Freeman and other map histories. It shows the eastern United States and is important for its delineation of the Mississippi River basin. It is quite crude with little detail and the Great Lakes are greatly exaggerated in size. This image is a reproduction from the Library of Congress.
1675.1 In 1675, Arent Roggeveen published Het eerste deel van het Brandende Veen which contained PASCAERT VAN NIEW NEDERLAND STRECKENDE VANDE ZUIJDT REVIER TOT DE NOORDT REVIER EN'T LANGE EIJLAND (Burden #450). The map is listed in Weslager and reproduced in Stokes which is the image shown here. Roggeveen included a series of charts of the coastline, this one shows the Delaware Bay and Pennsylvania region. McCorkle lists some of the other charts that show New England. Another chart in the atlas is titled PASCAERTE VANDE VIRGINIES VAN BAYA DE LA MAGDELENA TOT DE ZUYDT REVIER (Burden #451) which may just barely include a tiny slice of Pennsylvania. The charts were published as late as 1717.
1675.2 A MAPP OF NEW JARSEY by John Seller. This map is reproduced in Schwartz & Ehrenberg, Snyder, and Burden #463 with this date, settlements along the west bank of the Delaware in Pennsylvania are shown. In his checklist of Delaware maps, Dunlop dates this map to 1664 and says it comes from John Seller's Atlas Maritimus. This is not correct as the Atlas Maritimus did not appear until the 1670's. This map is #38 in Stevens and Tree (Chapter 2 of Tooley), where four versions are listed: ?1664, ?1665, circa 1670, 1677. The first three states are reproduced. The 1660 dates for this map are thought incorrect and the 1675 date for its first appearance seems most reasonable. A second version appeared in 1677 and is in the Blathwayt Atlas. The image here is from Stokes.
  1675.3 A CHART OF THE SEA COASTS OF NEW=ENGLAND NEW=JARSEY VIRGINIA MARYLAND AND CAROLINA FROM C. COD TO C. HATTERAS BY JOHN SELLER HYDROGR TO THE KING, IAMES CLERK SCULPSIT. This map (McCorkle #675.6, Burden #462) is in Seller's Atlas Maritimus, London 1675. It can be seen at MapForum.Com , Issue 6, which presents a collation of the Atlas Maritimus.
1675.4 NEW ENGLAND AND NEW YORK, by John Speed in A Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World, Sold by Tho: Bassett in Fleetstreet, and Richard Chiswell in S.t Pauls Churchyard London 1675 (McCorkle #675.8, Burden #458). This map includes all of eastern Pennsylvania showing the Delaware and Susquehanna Rivers and the town of New Castle in Delaware. Indian tribes named for the state include 'Sasquahanna', 'Matanac kouses', 'Gocheps', 'Armeomecks', 'Canomakers', 'Mennessinck or land of Bacham'. In 1611 John Speed published the atlas of Great Britain Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain and in 1627 the world atlas A Prospect of the most famous Parts of the World. In 1675 Speed was long dead but Bassett & Chiswell brought out new editions of his atlases with new maps. The so called 'small' edition of A Prospect... was published in 1675. In 1676, Bassett & Chiswell included it as an addendum in Speed's The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain. The coloring on this copy is not original. Longitude east from Ferro. The verso is page 225 with text. Scale: 1 inch = 165 miles. Size: 3.5 x 5 inches.
  1675.5 VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND, by John Speed in A Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World. This map (Burden #459) is a smaller scale version of the 1676 map and covers the same region. Apparently neither this map nor the one above appeared in the earlier editions of Speed's atlas. The Pennsylvania region is covered by the cartouche and a legend.
  1676.1 A MAP OF VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND, by Francis Lamb, was published in the last edition of John Speed's The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain, issued by Thomas Basset & Richard Chiswel, London 1676. It resembles the Hermann map and is reproduced in Stephenson & McKee, Burden #456. Verner (in Chapter 4 of Tooley) calls it derivative 9 of Smith's map and it can be seen at MapForum.Com , Issue 3. Speed's A Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World was included as an addendum to The Theatre... and is sometimes listed as the source of this map as The Theatre... itself contained only maps of Britain.
  1676.2 A MAP OF NEW ENGLAND AND NEW YORK Sold by Tho: Bassett in Fleetstreet, and Richard Chiswell in S.t Pauls Churchyard from Speed's A Prospect Of The Most Famous Parts Of The World ... London, 1676 (McCorkle #676.6, Burden #455), included as an addendum to Speed's The Theatre... . This map differs from the 1675 map and is a Jansson-Visscher derivative, it is illustrated at MapForum.Com , Issue 14 and also Issue 3; there is also a large reproduction in Johnson (1974).
  1676.3 A MAP OF NEW ENGLAND NEW YORKE NEW IERSEY MARY-LAND & VIRGINIA, Sould by Robert Morden at y.e Atlas in Corn-hill neer y.e Royal Exchange and by William Berry at y.e Globe between York House & y.e New Exchange in y.e Strande London (McCorkle #676.3, Burden #472). This map was advertised in the London Gazette for February, 1676, and is illustrated at MapForum.Com , Issue 14. It somewhat resembles a Jansson-Visscher map but has a cleaner 'English' look. Almost all of the region that would become Pennsylvania is included. A few settlements on the lower Delaware River are named.
  1676.4 PASCAARTE VAN NIEU NEDERLANDT..., by Hendrick Doncker from De Nieuwe Grote ... Zee-Atlas, Amsterdam 1676 (McCorkle #676.1). This map is similar to Colom's of 1656. Doncker's sea atlas was published from 1676 to 1705.
1676.5 A NEW CHART FOR THE SEACOASTS OF NEWFOUND LAND NEW SCOTLAND NEW ENGLAND NEW JARSEY VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND, by John Thornton John Seller William Fisher James Atkinson John Colson. This map is from the Atlas Maritimus, London 1676 (McCorkle #676.7, Burden #495). These are the same folks who later put out The English Pilot, The Fourth Book, in 1689 and this map was used there. Pennsylvania is a blank. This image is from the National Archives of Canada.
  1676.6 CANADA OR NEW FRANCE. This tiny map (Burden #479) is from a pack of playing cards issued by John Seller circa 1676. It shows the northeast from Greenland to Virginia and is the only card to include the Pennsylvania region. Similar decks of cards were issued by other mapmakers of the time, some (or most) not including maps of Pennsylvania as defined here.
1677.1 A MAPP OF NEW JERSEY IN AMERICA by John Seller and William Fisher, reproduced in Swift (2001) and dated circa 1680, Lister and Black date this map to 1677. The map shows several settlements and Indian tribes along the west bank of the Delaware River. It is a later version with a longer title of the 1675 Seller map, and shown in Snyder, Schwartz & Ehrenberg, Burden #463.2, and Stokes which is the image here.
  1677.2 (Maryland) An untitled manuscript map is reproduced in Swift from a copy in the Public Record Office, London. It shows the Chesapeake and Delaware Bay areas north to the Schyulkill, and was based on the 1673 Herrmann map. Pennsylvania and Philadelphia are not named, so it likely dates sometime between 1673 and 1681. Swift dates it circa 1681. However, Black more reasonably dates it circa 1677 which is the date followed here. The manuscript map described by Black in the Blathwayt Atlas is almost the same as the one in the Public Record Office, and both are thought copied from Hermann's original 1673 map. There is a companion manuscript map covering southern Maryland and Virginia which does not include Pennsylvania.
  1677.3 ENGLISH EMPIRE, by James Moxon from Geographical Cards, describing the whole world (Burden #489). Another playing card map, this one showing the northeast from Newfoundland to Maryland with north to the right. The size of the St. Lawrence is greatly exaggerated.
  1677.4 A MAP OF NEW IARSEY by John Seller. This crude map of New Jersey was found in a copy of Seller's Atlas Terrestris dated circa 1700. It is a much cruder version of the 1675 New Jersey map, with north at the right, and bears all the signs of having been made before 1680. Pennsylvania is not named and Maryland extends into where the state will be. It was made after 1676 when Jersey was divided into east and west. Burden (#493) dates this map to circa 1677 and says it appears in copies of the Atlas Terrestris and Atlas Maritimus from the mid 1680s.
1678.1 A MAPP OF VIRGINIA, MARY=LAND, NEW=JARSEY, NEW=YORK & NEW ENGLAND. by John Thornton at the Sundyall in the Minories and by Robert Green at ye Rose and Crowne in Budgrowe, London. This map was likely first published sometime between 1673 and 1680. McCorkle dates it to 1673 (McCorkle #673.2, Burden #507), however it is based on Herrman's map and so should date somewhat later. This map is reproduced in Mercator Society Publication One on English maps dated 1678 and that dating is followed here. Black also dates the map 1678-79 from a copy in the Blathwayt Atlas. Stevens and Tree (Chapter 2 in Tooley) list two early versions circa 1673-80 and a later one circa 1685 altered to show Pennsylvania. The map shown in McCorkle as #673.2 is actually the later version. The early version hand marked in ink to include Pennsylvania is shown in Pritchard & Taliaferro #73 Custis Atlas. The map shows the coast from the Chesapeake to the Hudson. A small inset map shows New England. Both the Chesapeake and the Delaware are shown in considerable detail and accuracy as on Hermann's map. This image is from Stokes and is the early version.
  1678.2 A German version of Pierre Duval's Le Monde Terreste was published by Johann Hoffman titled Geographiae Universalis. It contained reengravings of the Duval maps 1660.1-3 titled VIRGINIA, CANADA, and FLORIDA (Burden #501-503).
1679.1 A MAP OF Y.E ENGLISH EMPIRE IN Y.E CONTINENT OF AMERICA VIZ VIRGINIA MARY LAND CAROLINA NEW YORK NEW IARSEY NEW ENGLAND &c.t by R. Daniel Esq:r W. Binneman sculpsit. Licensed by R. L'Estrange Esq.r Sold by R. Morden at y.e Atlas in Cornhill neer y.e Royal Ex-chang & by W. Berry at y.e Globe near Charing Cross London. This map by R. Daniel appeared circa 1679 (McCorkle #679.1, Burden #514) and a 1712 version is illustrated at MapForum.Com , Issue 14. This would be one of the last views of the region before the appearance of Pennsylvania. The main map shows the coast from the Chesapeake north. A small inset map shows the southeast coast. This map includes a whaling scene off Long Island, one of the earliest depictions of whaling in America. The image here is from Stokes.
  1679.2 CANADA, SIVE NOVA FRANCIA by Nicolas Sanson (McCorkle #679.3, Burden #511). This is a later version of the Sanson map of 1657 published by Johann David Zunners in Die Gantze Erd-Kugel. The same atlas has Sanson's FLORIDA (Burden #512).
  1679.3 CANADA OR NEW FRANCE. This small crude map appears in John Seller's Atlas Minimus, or A Book of Geography: shewing all the empires, monarchies, kingdomes, regions, dominions, principalities and countries in the whole world, published in 1679. It shows the northeast coast from Virginia all the way to Greenland with no detail. Burden says the maps in this volume were altered versions of playing card maps previously published, see map 1676.6.
  1679.4 LAC TEIOCHA RONTIONG DU CONMUNEMENT LAC ERIE, an anonymous and undated French manuscript map showing the Lake Erie region. The Library of Congress has a photocopy and dates it circa 1679. The original is in French archives. Docktor #179A5.
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