WELCOME Pennsylvania Regional Maps 1660's WELCOME

The English took control of the Delaware and Hudson River regions from the Dutch in 1664 and, except for a short hiatus in 1673-74 when the Dutch attempted a comeback, maintained control until the Revolution. However, in the Pennsylvania region settlement remained largely Swedish and Dutch until the arrival of William Penn. The legal basis of Pennsylvania land holdings dates from 1664 when the area came under the British Crown. Old land patents issued under the Swedish and Dutch colonial administrations were (for the most part) renewed and signed by the English royal governors prior to 1681. These governors were Richard Nicolls (1664-1668), Francis Lovelace (1668-1673), and Edmund Andros (1674-1681). Of course, all this business of establishing land rights ignored the native Americans.

1660.1 CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE par P. Duval Geogra. du Roy. A. Paris. A small map published in Le Monde Terrestre, an atlas of small maps (Burden #341, who says the first state was dated 1659) which apparently appeared in 1660. The map shows the coast from Long Island to Carolina. The settlement 'Cristina' is shown and the Pennsylvania region called 'N. Svede'. The map shown here is called state 3 by Burdon, and dated to 1663; state 4 of this map published in 1672 can be seen at MapForum.Com , Issue 4. The last state appeared circa 1690 in a German edition of Duval's atlas. Later versions of Duval's atlas were titled La Geographie Universelle and Le Monde ou la Geographie Universelle with slight changes to the maps. Blank verso, longitude apparently east of Ferro. Scale: 1 inch = 215 miles. Size: 4 x 4.75 inches.
1660.2 Another map in the Duval atlas is titled simply CANADA (Burden #351) and shows the region from Virginia to north of Hudson Bay. The word Hurons appears, but apparently identifies the Indian tribe, not the lake. Lake Ontario is called Lac S. Louis, and Erie is called Lac du Chat, or Lake of the Cat. Today we might say cougar or mountain lion, and the name apparently referred to an Indian tribe. 'Christina' and 'N. le Svede' are identified. Shown here is plate 47 from Geographiae universalis pars prior. Das ist: Der allgemeinen Erd=Beschreibung. Erster Theil, Nuremburg, Johann Hoffmann, 1694. This German edition of Duval's atlas first appeared in 1678 and this printing is very likely from the same plate. This copy matches the description given in Burden for that state. Intaglio print, blank verso. Longitude apparently east from Ferro. Scale: 1 inch = 618 miles. Size: 4 x 4.75 inches.
  1660.3 LA FLORIDE by Pierre Duval (Burden #352), a reduced version of the 1657 map by Sanson, which can be said to include Pennsylvania only because Lake Erie is positioned three degrees too far south.
  1660.4 In 1660, Pieter van Alphen published a sea atlas with the chart NIEUWE WASSENDE GRAADE PASKAEERT... (Burden #344) showing the east coast. The Delaware is not even shown and it is a stretch to include this map here as Cuba appears along the bottom edge.
  1660.5 PAS CAERT VAN NIEU NEDERLAND VIRGINIA EN NIEU ENGELANT, a sea atlas chart by Hendrick Doncker (Burden #348) shows the Delaware with the capes named, and is a derivative of Colom's 1656 map.
1660.6 A map by Francois du Creux titled TABVLA NOVAE FRANCIAE ANNO 1660 may actually have been published in 1664 per Burden, where the map is #349. The Delaware area is called Nova Svecia, the capes are named, and 'Chrisana' shown. Lakes Ontario, Erie, Huron, and Superior have their modern names, but not Lake Michigan. This image of the southwest section is from Winsor.
  1661.1 PAS CAERTE VAN NIEV-NEDERLAND EN DE ENGELSCHE VIRGINIES..., appears in a sea atlas published by Joannes van Loon (Burden #366). This resembles the 1660 Doncker map but with more detail in the Delaware River area. Fort Christina, Finlande, Uplandt, Schuyl Kill are all named along with several other names.
  1662.1 NOVA BELGII NOVAEQVE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINAE TABULA, by Hugo Allard (Burden #373) is another version of the Jansson-Visscher map. 'C. Cornelius' is still there with 'C. Hinlopen' pushed south and the settlement names along the Delaware given. Delaware Bay is called 'Nieuw Port May' and actually given some soundings. Three states of this map from 1673 to 1720 are illustrated in the New England map checklist at MapForum.Com , Issue 13, where the various versions are listed. The title TOTIUS NEOBELGII NOVA ET ACCURATISSIMA TABULA appeared later on the 1674 version.
  1663.1 In 1663 Jacob Colom issued a chart called T' AMSTERDAM (Burden #375), an updated version of his father Arnold Colom's map of 1656. The Delaware Bay region is unchanged. This chart can be seen at MapForum.Com , Issue 2.
  1665.1 Reduced versions of Sir Robert Dudley's charts of 1646 were published in Italy circa 1665 and attributed to Antonio Lucini. One of these is CARTA SECONDA GENERALE DEL' AMERICA (Burden #384). No additional information is given on the map.
1666.1 A LAND-SKIP OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND... is a promotional map published by George Alsop (Burden #385) in a tract he wrote called A character of the province of Maryland. This is a crude map with little detail; the 'Sufquehanok River' is shown and the map includes a strip of southern Pennsylvania. This image is from a modern (1902) reprint of Alsop's writings.
  1666.2 Pieter Goos published De Zee Atlas ofte Water-Weereld in 1666. It contains the map PAS CAERTE VAN NIEU NEDERLANDT EN DE ENGELSCHE VIRGINIES... (Burden #387) which is a version of the 1661 van Loon and previous Doncker maps. This chart can be seen at MapForum.Com , Issue 2.
1666.3 PASKAERTE VAN DE ZUYDT EN NOORDT REVIER IN NIEU NEDERLANT STRECKENDE VAN CABO HINLOOPEN TOT RECHKEWACH. This is another map in the Goos atlas with a large scale view of the Delaware River (Burden #388). It is essentially a map of New Jersey clearly showing the string of forts along the Delaware to just north of the 'Schuyl Kill'. On the Pennsylvania side appear Fort Kafimiris, Fort Criftina, Laplandt, Matinnccongh (probably an Indian village), and Gottenburgh. What is now Philadelphia is called 'Sauno', apparently an Indian tribe. The image here is from Stokes.
  1669.1 CARTE DE LA NOVVELLE FRANCE. This is identified by Burden as the third state of Champlain's 1632 map (Burden #237). McCorkle lists it separately (#669.2) and identifies it as a plagerized version by Antoine de Fer. No additional information is provided for the Pennsylvania region.
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