|| 1930's Oil Company Road
Maps of Pennsylvania
finest and most imaginative road map covers were created in the
1930's. Many owed their attractiveness to the art deco design
movement. In a way, the great depression encouraged automobile
travel as people moved about the country looking for work. The
migration of the Okies from the midwest to California along
Highway 66 became part of auto folklore. From here on, only one
map is shown for each year. The selection was made to include as
many different issuers as possible.
TEXACO - RAND MCNALLY. The same cover design was used on
the 1929 map. The Texas Oil Company was founded in 1903
and the trademark 'Texaco' name appeared in 1906, see
PARCO - LANGWITH. This is one of the most decorative
covers of the 1930's showing a group of Spanish explorers,
probably either Columbus or Cortez. The town of Parco, Wyoming, was built in the 1920's by the Producers and Refiners Corporation of Denver. So the town was named after the company or the company after the town. They published a few road maps and this is believed to be the only one of Pennsylvania. The town of Parco was later renamed Sinclair after another oil company. Langwith
Inc. was located in Minneapolis. The map is titled
'LANGWITH'S MOTOR TRAILS MAP PENNSYLVANIA'
SHELL - H. M. GOUSHA. Shell produced very beautiful
covers in the late 20's and early 30's. Variations on
this 3 panel license plate motif were used for several
CONOCO - H. M. GOUSHA. Here is a map with a 3 panel map
on the cover. The Continental Oil Company was based in
Denver and, like several other oil companies, offered a
travel bureau service for a while. The company became a
subsidiary of Dupont in 1981. The
shows the early 30's Gousha
PENNZOIL - MID-WEST MAP CO. This map introduces the Mid-West
Map Co. from Aurora, Missouri, who made maps from the
late 20's to early 40's. This map is undated but closely
resembles the dated 1933 map. The
shows the cartography, which
was somewhat cruder than the major competitors.
REPUBLIC - H. M. GOUSHA. This is a small oil company
based in Pittsburgh that no longer exists. It has a very
patriotic cover; the kind you might expect to see in the
40's, not the art deco 30's.
GULF - GALLUP MAP & SUPPLY CO. This map is
included because it was made by the Gallup Co. from
Kansas City. The map is undated but appears circa 1936.
For some reason Gulf dropped Rand McNally, gave the map
concession to Gallup, and went to this plain cover which
it used into the 40's. See the
STERLING - H. M. GOUSHA. Sterling was a small oil company
eventually taken over by Quaker State, who continued to
market gas using the Sterling name so other gas dealers
would market Quaker State motor oil.
SINCLAIR - RAND MCNALLY. Sinclair issued some of the most
beautiful road maps of the 30's with these 5 panel pastel
designs. If maps were included strictly on attractiveness,
most of the maps for this decade would be Sinclair. The
company was founded in 1916 by Harry F. Sinclair and was
acquired by ARCO in 1969, see Thompson.
CITIES SERVICE - H. M. GOUSHA. This oil company had one
of the more peculiar names, apparently they avoided rural