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Pennsylvania in Early Pocket Maps Circa 1825 - 1874

1826 PENNSYLVANIA, Published by A. Finley Philada. Young & Delleker sc. This pocket map has the date on the inside of the 3.5 x 2 inch leather cover; which also gives the address of Finley's business. It is similar to the map from the 1824 Finley atlas and this is one of the earliest pocket maps of Pennsylvania seen. Roads are shown by very light black line and a few canals are named, but no railroads. The map is printed on onion skin type paper and this copy is in only fair condition, a couple small pieces are missing and it is fragile. There is also a tape repair on the cover seam. Blank verso, longitude from London at bottom, from Washington at top. Scale: 1 inch = 30 miles. Size: 8.5 x 11 inches.
1829 PENNSYLVANIA, Published by A. Finley Philada. Young & Delleker sc. This pocket map has the date on the inside of the 3.5 x 2 inch leather cover; which also gives the address of Finley's establishment. It is very similar to the earlier Finley pocket map shown above and to the 1824 atlas map, and this is a case where an atlas map plate has been used to produce a pocket map. The map is printed on onion skin type paper and is in better condition than the earlier version above. Blank verso, longitude from London at bottom, from Washington at top. Scale: 1 inch = 30 miles. Size: 9 x 11 inches.
1830 SCHUYLKILL COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA. This is believed to be the map published by H. S. Tanner circa 1830 from a plate prepared originally by John Melish. Melish was appointed (or charged) by the state to prepare a large state map which he published in 1822 with subsequent editions. He used county maps prepared by a number of other draftsmen, and manuscript copies of some of those county maps are still held in the Pennsylvania archives. Melish planned to issued an atlas of county maps but only engraved (or had engraved) about eight of them before dying in 1822. This map is thought to be one of those maps. The plates were later acquired by Tanner and subsequent copies produced around 1830. This copy, printed on heavy paper, has been formed into a pocket map with a 4 x 2.5 inch red leather cover titled ‘Schuylkill County.' The inside cover has an autograph with the date 1829; Stephenson, in his listing of Library of Congress maps, dates it to 1830. So, either this is the earlier Melish printing (doubtful) or a hot-off-the-press circa 1830 version. See the Early County Maps page for more on the Melish county maps. The fancy red cover with gilt and the close trimming to the neat line would indicate this copy was intended and printed as a pocket map. Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale: 1 inch = 2 miles. Size: 15.5 x 21.5 inches.
1831 THE TOURIST'S POCKET MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA EXHIBITING ITS INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS ROADS DISTANCES &C. By: J. H. Young. Philadelphia. Published by S. Augustus Mitchell. 1831 D. Haines sc. Entered according to Act of Congress April 15th 1831.. . This map on vellum paper folds into a 3 x 5 inch brown leather cover with the title ‘Pennsylvania.’ There are insets of 'Lehigh and Schuylkill Coal Regions' and 'Vicinity of Philadelphia' at bottom. Many roads, towns, railroads and topographical features are noted; the profile of the Pennsylvania Canal is shown at the top which became a fixture on Mitchell's Pennsylvania maps into the 1850s. A paper label inside the front cover gives the census figures for 1830. The map has some damage with a long tear along one fold line. Blank verso, longitude from Greenwich at bottom, from Washington at top. Scale: 1 inch = 25 miles. Size: 12.5 x 15 inches.
1832 MAP OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA COMPILED FROM THE LATEST AUTHORITIES. Published by S. Augustus Mitchell Philadelphia 1832. This map can be dated 1820-31 by the counties shown. It contains inset maps of Philadelphia and 'Pittsburg' vicinities, and folds into a 3.5 x 2 inch red leather case, embossed with gilded lettering, and with the title’ Pennsylvania Traveller’. The map is attached to the back cover and on the inside front cover is Mitchell’s Philadelphia address. This is a different map and smaller than the 1831 map above. It has no 'tourist' reference and so may have been printed from an atlas plate on onionskin paper. Roads are shown with distances between points, no rail lines. This copy had one panel separated with crease tears, since repaired. There is a signature on the verso dated 1833. Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale: 1 inch = 30 miles. Size: 8 x 10.5 inches.
1833 MITCHELL'S TRAVELLERS GUIDE THROUGH THE UNITED STATES. A MAP OF THE ROADS, DISTANCES, STEAM BOAT & CANAL ROUTES &C. by J. H. Young, Philadelphia. Published by S. Augustus Mitchell 1833. Engraved on steel by J. H. Young and D. Haines. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1832.. . The black 5.25 x 3.25 inch hardback cover has just the first part of the map title. The map is attached to the back cover. An index of similar size is attached to the inside front cover. The index sheet is in good shape in this copy as if not used as much, while the map has some separation along the fold lines, though printed on onionskin type paper. The map shows the eastern United States with a cutoff Florida and northern Maine. The upper left has insets of New Orleans, Cincinnati, and Albany; at upper center is an inset of Niagara Falls. The lower right has insets of Philadelphia, Washington, Charleston, Boston, and New York City. The notation "engraved on steel" would make this one of the earliest American maps to be printed from such a plate, and would indicate Mitchell intended to print many copies; the 1832 first edition is identical to this one except for the date under the title. Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale:1 inch = 77 miles. Size: 18 x 21 inches.
1836 A NEW MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA WITH ITS CANALS, RAIL-ROADS & DISTANCES FROM PLACE TO PLACE ALONG THE STAGE ROADS. By H. S. Tanner. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1836 by H. S. Tanner.. . Published by H. S. Tanner No. 144 Chesnut St. Philadelphia. Engraved by W. Brose, Philadelphia. This map folds into a 4.25 x 2.5 inch brown cover with the title ‘Tanner’s Traveller’s Map of Pennsylvania’ on green pasted paper. Across the top of the map is ‘Tanner’s Universal Atlas’ indicating that an atlas plate was used to print this pocket map on onionskin paper. The Pennsylvania Canal profile is along the top and an inset table of distances is at the bottom. Main roads are shown. On the inside is written in ink ‘Curtis Spalding bought May 12, 1837 in Philadelphia price 42 ct.’ Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale:1 inch = 25 miles. Size: 10.75 x 13 inches.
1838 THE TOURIST POCKET MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA EXHIBITING ITS INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS, ROADS, DISTANCES, &C. By J. H. Young, Published by S. Augustus Mitchell, Philadelphia 1838. Entered according to Act of Congress April 15th, 1831 by S. Augustus Mitchell…etc. D. Haines, sc. This is a later version of the 1831 first edtion map shown above. It dates 1836-39 by the counties shown; Juniata and Monroe counties have been added to the map otherwise it is the same as the 1831 version. It is printed on vellum paper and folds into a 5 x 3 inch brown leather cover with the title ‘Mitchell’s Map of Pennsylvania.' The inside cover lists the county census of 1830 just as the map above, however a different cover is used. Blank verso, longitude from Greenwich at bottom, from Washington at top. Scale: 1 inch = 25 miles. Size: 12.5 x 15 inches.
1843 THE TOURIST’S POCKET MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA EXHIBITING ITS INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS ROADS DISTANCES &C. By J. H. Young Philadelphia. Published by S. Augustus Mitchell 1843. Entered according to Act of Congress April 15th 1831.. .Sold by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. No. 253 Market Street. D. Haines Sc. This is a later edition of the 1831 map shown above. Despite being printed on onionskin type paper, this map has tears and some missing paper at the fold lines.Insets of ‘Lehigh and Schuylkill Coal Regions’ and ‘Vicinity of Philadelphia’ are at the bottom; and at top is ‘Profile of the Pennsylvania Canal.’ Roads, rail lines and canals are shown including the famous Allegheny Portage railroad. The map folds into a 5 x 3 inch red cardboard cover with a handwritten inscription dated 1843 on the inside. Blank verso, longitude from Washington at top, Greenwich at bottom.Scale:1 inch = 23 miles. Size: 12.5 x 15 inches.
1846 MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA, NEW JERSEY AND DELAWARE Compiled from the latest authorities. Philadelphia Published by S. Augustus Mitchell. 1846 Sold by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. No. 253 Market Street. The title on the black 5.25 x 3.25 inch cardboard cover is similar. The map contains four insets at the bottom arranged to keep Maryland from showing: Vicinity of Pittsburg, Lehigh and Schuylkill Coal Regions, Vicinity of Philadelphia, and Vicinity of Lancaster. There is a scroll border around the edge and standard (though heavy) type paper is used. In this copy, the map is now detached from the cover, but in reasonable shape. The inside cover contains population data from the 1840 census. Although the title does not say, this is believed to have been printed strictly as a pocket map as the emphasis is on travel with many roads, railroads, and canals shown, and an 'explanation' for same in the lower right corner. Blank verso, longitude from Washington at bottom, from Greenwich at top. Scale: 1 inch = 18 miles. Size: 18.75 x 23 inches.
1848 TOURIST’S POCKET MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA EXHIBITING ITS INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS ROADS DISTANCES &C. By J. H. Young Philadelphia. Published by S. Augustus Mitchell 1848. Entered according to Act of Congress April 1831 by S. Augustus Mitchell. Sold by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. No. 253 Market Street. This is a later editon of the 1831 map above and almost identical to the 1843 map above. It folds into a 5 x 3 inch reddish cover titled ‘Mitchell’s Map of Pennsylvania’, with county populations listed on the inside. It is printed on vellum paper and has insets of Philadelphia and the Lehigh and Schuylkill Coal Regions, and an elevation map of the Pennsylvania Canal across the top. The upper right corner of the cover has been chewed by mice which has resulted in two half-inch holes in the map in Lycoming and Venango counties. Otherwise, the map is in good condition. Blank verso, longitude from Washington at top, from Greenwich at bottm. Scale: 1 inch = 23 miles. Size: 12.5 x 15 inches.
1852 TOWNSHIP MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA, Published by Horace Thayer & Co., 50 Ann St., New York and 127 Main Street, Buffalo. This map folds into a 5.5 x 3.5 inch redish embossed case with the title ‘Horace Thayer & Co.’s Map of Pennsylvania’. The map is attached to the back cover, on the inside of the front cover is a list of other maps for sale by Thayer, Bridgman & Fanning, 156 William St. (corner of Ann) New York, apparently their retail establishment. The map is entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1852..., and has 1850 census data. Townships are shown, but not differently colored. Rail lines and canals are shown, but not roads. The rail line west to Pittsburgh is shown as complete. Printed on onionskin paper with a fancy scroll border, and this copy is in good condition. Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale: 1 inch = 13 miles. Size: 20 x 26.5 inches.
1854 PENNSYLVANIA. Published by J. H. Colton, No. 36 Cedar St., New York, 1854. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1853 by J. H. Colton …etc. This map on vellum type paper folds into a 5 x 3.5 inch black cover titled ‘Map of Pennsylvania - J. H. Colton.' On the inside cover is a Colton ad with a list of maps published, and a portion of a county census on the verso of the map can be seen. Roads, railroads, and canals are shown. The scroll border used on Colton atlas maps is also on this one and it was likely printed from an atlas plate. This copy is in very good shape. Blank verso, longitude from Washington at bottom, from Greenwich at top. Scale: 1 inch = 22 miles. Size: 12.5 x 15.5 inches.
1855 A NEW COUNTY MAP OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA AND ADJOINING STATES, Showing the Route of the Central & Other Rail Roads &c &c. Reduced from the large state map by J. W. Otley, Published by R. L. Barnes, N. E. Corner 7th & Market Streets, Philadelphia 1855. Engraved on stone by Friend & Aub, 80 Walnut St. 2nd door below 4th Philada. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1852 by R. L. Barnes. This map is a later edition of the original 1852 version, and Barnes seems to have published this map yearly, as least for a while. It folds into a 6 x 4 inch green cover with the title ‘Barnes’s Map of Pennsylvania’. The inside cover is blank. The main rail lines are indicated in red and other lines in black. There is a statistics table at lower left. The map is printed on onionskin paper, but still has signs of wear and tear. New Jersey is shown in toto and Delaware almost. Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale: 1 inch = 10 miles. Size: 25.5 x 36 inches.
1856 MAP OF MCKEAN COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA 1856. Drawn in the office of W. K. King, Smethport, Pa. Engravd & printd at A. Kollner’s Lithy, Phila. Smethport is the county seat of McKean County. This map is attached to, and folds into a 7 x 4 inch brown embossed cover which is unmarked. The inside cover contains handwritten notes saying the map once belonged to King’s daughter. The land is sectioned and numbered and some of the owners noted, and the townships are color coded. Shippen Township on the map was incorporated into Cameron County formed in 1860. This map precedes the Pennsylvania oil field discoveries of 1859, and so is unrelated to oil leases. The ordinary paper is delicate and there is a long tear on one fold in this copy. This map was also issued as a linen-backed wall map. Blank verso, no longitude marked. Scale: 1 inch = 2 miles. Size: 26 x 24 inches.
1861 RAILROAD & TOWNSHIP MAP OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. Published by R. L. Barnes, 27 South 6th Street, Philadelphia 1861. This map also shows roads in thin double line. It is notable for the fancy scroll work around the edge and the small pieces of yellow paper with population pasted over each county to update the map with the latest 1860 census. It folds into a 6 x 4 inch brown hardback cover with title “Barnes’s Township & Railway Map of Pennsylvania.” The map is attached to the back cover at the center top, so it unfolds both ways. The inside cover has some ownership notes, one an autograph. In this copy, the front cover is loose and the spine is gone. The map is printed on ordinary paper and quite fragile with age. Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale: 1 inch = 7.25 miles. Size: 28 x 42 inches.
1865 MAP OF FORREST COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA. Published by R. L. Barnes, No. 27 Sth. Sixth St., Philadelphia. This pocket map folds into a 6 x 3.75 inch black cardboard cover with the correctly spelled ‘Forest County’ on the front. On the inside cover is the title ‘County Maps of the State of Pennsylvania, embracing the Oil District.. ; and the county maps listed for sale are: Venango, Forest (this map), Elk, Warren, Greene, and Clarion; and also a general map embracing all the counties west of the Allegheny Mountains. In small type is ‘W. F. Geddes, Printer, 320 Chestnut St.’ This map is undated and not listed in county map sources. It must date between the oil discoveries of 1859 and Barnes’ departure from the business (taken over by J. L. Smith) in 1867. The boundaries shown for the county are those which existed between 1850 and 1866 (per Long), and the listed map of Warren County is probably #808 in Stephenson dated 1865. Also, a Venango County map by Barnes was seen also dated 1865, which is probably the one listed. So, a date of 1865 is used here. The numbered blocks are probably oil leases. The only town shown is Marion, now Marionville, and the county seat when the county was first formed, which later moved to Tionesta. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 1.5 miles. Size: 18.75 x 15.25 inches.
1866 COLTON’S NEW TOWNSHIP MAP OF THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA. Published by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. New York, 1866. This map folds into a 6 x 4 inch black hardboard cover with an abbreviated title.The inside cover has ads for other Colton items. This is a pocket version of an atlas map printed on onionskin paper, and was issued on and off from the 1860s into the 1880s. It is notable for the detail in which the state is shown, with the hand color coding extending to the township level. This particular copy has small tears at some fold corners, but is in decent shape. Blank verso, longitude from Washington at bottom, from Greenwich at top. Scale: 1 inch = 12 miles. Size: 18 x 26.5 inches.
1868 BARNES’ TOWNSHIP MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA. S. B. Linton, Lithographer, No. 517 Prune St., Philda. Published by R. L. Barnes, No. 27 S. Sixth Street, Philadelphia. This large attractive map goes into a hardback brown cover labeled ‘Barnes’ Map of Pennsylvania in Townships.’ An extensive road network is shown as well as rail lines, and a green ruler trim runs around the edge. Townships are color coded apparently by hand, which must have been a tedious job even with stencils. The map is printed on heavy paper. This copy is missing a small piece on the left side and has been extensively repaired on the back with tape. It is loose from the cover which is blank inside. It was likely one of the last projects overseen by Barnes who turned his business over to J. L. Smith circa 1867-68. Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale: 1 inch = 7 miles. Size: 28.5 x 45 inches.
1870 BARNES’S RAILROAD, CANAL & COUNTY MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA NEW JERSEY & ADJOINING STATES. Published by John L. Smith No. 27 Sth . 6th St. Philadelphia 1870. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1864 by R. L. Barnes.. . This map is backed with linen and folds into a 6 x 4.25 inch brown cardboard cover with the title "Barnes’ Map of Pennsylvania in Townships." Why this cover title was used is a mystery since the townships are not identified let alone color coded as on the 1866 Colton map above. On the inside cover is the 1860 county populations and the note: Sheble, Smith & Co. (successors to R. L. Barnes). Roads are shown by light line and railroads by darker line. There is an unusual “piano key border” all round. This is quite a large map and is linen backed, the size would indicate it never appeared as an atlas map. In this copy the map is in good condition, but the cover is split in two. Blank verso, longitude from Washington. Scale: 1 inch = 11 miles. Size: 25 x 36 inches.
1871 RAILWAY MAP OF PENNSYLVANIA, Published by Callender & Co. Philadelphia. Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1871 by the National Railway Publication Company.. . This unusual pocket map is from a relatively obscure publisher. Rail lines are shown in red over-printing with all stops printed, and probably only passenger lines are shown as there were more lines at this late a date. Counties are shown and topography by hachures. Advertising text at upper right offers other maps of Philadelphia by the company, including a wall map for $1.50, and a city guide with map and directory for 25 cents. This would indicate that this map was made as a pocket map only, otherwise a source atlas would also be listed for sale. The map is on ordinary paper and folds into an embossed, gilt-stamped, and now faded, 5.75 x 3.75 inch purple cover. The inside cover is blank. Blank verso, no longitude given. Scale: 1 inch = 16 miles. Size: 13 x 19.5 inches.
1872 COLTON"S TRAVELERS' MAP OF THE UNITED STATES, SHOWING THE COUNTIES, RAILROADS, &C, G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. This pocket map shows the United States from Maine down to the panhandle of Florida, and west to Dakota and Texas. It folds into a brown 6 x 4 inch hardcover folder with embossed gilt lettering. Onionskin paper is used for the map. The inside cover has ads for other Colton products. Blank verso, longitude from Greenwich at top, from Washington at bottom. Scale: 1 inch = 52 miles. Size: 26 x 29.5 inches.

Pocket Maps

1875 to 1899

1900 to 1925


Copyright 2011 by Harold Cramer. All rights reserved.
Revised February, 2014.


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