1755.1 A GENERAL
MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES, IN AMERICA; VIZ.
VIRGINIA, MARILAND, DELAWARE, PENSILVANIA, NEW-JERSEY,
NEW-YORK, CONNECTICUT, AND RHODE ISLAND: OF
AQUANISHUONIGY, THE COUNTRY OF THE CONFEDERATE INDIANS;
COMPREHENDING AQUANISHUONIGY PROPER, THEIR PLACE OF
RESIDENCE, OHIO AND TIIUXSOXRUNTIE THEIR DEER-HUNTING
COUNTRIES, COUXSAXRAGE AND SKANIADARADE, THEIR BEAVER-HUNTING
COUNTRIES; OF THE LAKES ERIE, ONTARIO AND CHAMPLAIN, AND
OF PART OF NEW-FRANCE WHEREIN IS ALSO SHEWN THE ANTIENT
AND PRESENT SEATS OF THE INDIAN NATIONS. By Lewis Evans
1755. Engraved by Jas. Turner in Philadelphia. Published
according to Act of Parliament, by Lewis Evans, June 23,
1755. and sold by R. Dodsley, in Pall-Mall, London &
by the Author in Philadelphia. The full title of this
famous map is given here because it is the first map to
treat the Indian nations as co-equal with the colonies;
by comparison note the title of the Mitchell map below.
Incidently, it also lists Delaware as a colony separate
from Pennsylvania; something the Penns may not have liked.
The map was accompanied by a pamphlet titled Geographical,
Historical, Political, Philosophical and Mechanical
Essays. The First Containing an Analysis of a General Map
of the Middle British Colonies in America. This
famous map has been discussed in many map histories and
there were many subsequent copies not all listed here;
see Klinefelter, Gipson, McCorkle #755.15, 756.4, 758.3,
760.3, 771.3,775.5, 776.10, Sellers & van Ee #709-716,
Wheat & Brun #298-99. A discussion of various states
and copies of Evans' map is also given by Stevens and
Tree in Tooley, Chapter 2. The plate was modified often
by a succession of publishers such as Thomas Jefferys,
Sayer & Jefferys, Sayer & Bennett, Laurie &
Whittle. This image is from the Library of Congress where
can be examined in detail.
1755.2 A MAP OF
THE BRITISH AND FRENCH DOMINIONS IN NORTH AMERICA WITH
THE ROADS, DISTANCES, LIMITS, AND EXTENT OF THE
SETTLEMENTS, HUMBLY INSCRIBED TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE,
THE EARL OF HALIFAX, AND THE OTHER RIGHT HONOURABLE THE
LORDS COMMISSIONERS FOR TRADE & PLANTATIONS, By their
lordships most obliged and very humble servant, Jno.
Mitchell, Tho: Kitchin sculp. Clerkenwell Green. Publish'd
by the Author Febry 13th 1755 according to Act of
Parliament and sold by And: Miller opposite Katherine
Street in the Strand. This famous map has a wide
literature and assumed political importance because it
was much larger than competing maps, about 54 x 78 inches
on 8 sheets, and consequently was used in boundary
settlements. There were many subsequent copies and issues,
see Sellers & van Ee #37-44, McCorkle #755.31, Fite
& Freeman #47. The copy used to settle the boundary
between the United States and Canada was the fourth 1775
edition, illustrated in Hayes (Map 172). This image is
from the Library
and most copies are sectioned through southern
Pennsylvania. Note that the state extends north of 42
degrees on this map. A French edition titled AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE AVEC LES ROUTES...
was published in 1776 and a 1777 printing can be seen at the Darlington Library.
KAART VAN DE GROOTBRITTANNISCHE VOLKSPLANTINGEN IN NOORD
AMERICA GETROKKEN WIT DE BESTE KAARTEN VAN DE MR.MITCHELL
EN ANDEREN, TE AMSTERDAM by Isaak Tirion 1755. Published
in Nieuwe En beknopte Hand-Atlas by Isaak Tirion,
1769 (McCorkle #755.39, #769.1; Sellers & van Ee #63).
Tirion died in 1769 (Lister) so the map preparation dates
circa 1755-69. According to McCorkle, although dated 1755,
the map was not published until 1769. This map is a
smaller Dutch version of John Mitchell's important 1755
map as the title indicates and only the left side is
shown here. The notes and major place names on this map
are in Dutch (i.e. meer for lake) but some places retain
the original English or French names. West of the
Alleghanies is considered Iroquois land as shown by the
color scheme. Longitude is west from London at bottom and
west from Ferro at top. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 130
miles. Size: 14.25 x 17.75 inches.
LOUISIANE ET TERRES ANGLOISES PAR LE SR. D'ANVILLE..., a
map by D'Anville which may (or may not) have been based
upon Mitchell's map (McCorkle #755.1, Sellers & van
Ee #17). It shows the east coast west to the Mississippi.
Later editions appear in D'Anville's Atlas General.
This map was much copied, usually with credit to D'Anville,
by later mapmakers. It is a large four sheet map and all four can be seen at the Darlington Library.
AMERICA FROM THE FRENCH OF MR. D'ANVILLE IMPROVED WITH
THE BACK SETTLEMENTS OF VIRGINIA AND COURSE OF OHIO,
Illustrated with geographical and historical remarks. May
1755 Published according to Act by Thos. Jefferys... (McCorkle
#755.2, 779.1; Sellers & van Ee #29). This map
appeared in The Natural and Civil History of the
French Dominions in North and South America and in
Jeffreys' General Topography. It resembles the
previous D'Anville map. There were many later editions
with modifications, several illustrated by McCorkle and
listed by Sellers & van Ee. This image is from the Library
of Congress .
1755.6 A MAP OF
THE BRITISH AND FRENCH SETTLEMENTS IN NORTH AMERICA:(PART
THE FIRST) ..., (PART THE SECOND) CONTAINING PART OF NEW
YORK, PENSILVANIA, NEW JERSEY, MARY LAND, VIRGINIA, NORTH
& SOUTH CAROLINA, GEORGIA, LOUISIANA, AND ALL THE
COUNTRIES..., T. Bowen, sculp. There are two separate
maps and Pennsylvania is bisected at 41 degrees making it
difficult to see on either one. The top map is
illustrated in McCorkle #755.6. Both maps on one sheet
are shown here from the National Archives of Canada. The
coverage extends west to the Mississippi. Sellers &
van Ee #81.
1755.7 CARTE D'UNE
PARTIE DE L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE POUR SERVIR A L'INTELLIGENCE
DU MEMOIRE SUR LES PRETENTIONS DES ANGLOIS AU SUJET DES
LIMITES A REGLER AVEC LA FRANCE DANS CETTE PARTIE DU
MONDE. There are three French versions of this map (McCorkle
#755.11), plus Italian (McCorkle #755.7), German (McCorkle
#756.8), and Spanish (McCorkle #755.30) versions which
may date somewhat later. The map shows the northeast from
Newfoundland down to Chesapeake Bay and west to include
Lake Erie. Its main interest is in showing the boundary
between Nova Scotia and French Canada, see McCorkle for a
discussion. Pennsylvania is identified, but not much else
in the state.
1755.8 CARTE DES
COLONIES ANGLAISES DANS L'AMERIQUE SETENTRIONALE TERMINEE
PAR LA RE. OHIO...(McCorkle #755.8), a French map of
uncertain date that is a copy of Overton's 1754 map.
1755.9 CARTE DES
POSSESSIONS ANGLOISES & FRANCOISES DU CONTINENT DE L'AMERIQUE
SEPTENTRIONALE. Thos. Kitchin, sculpt. Londres, 1755 (Sellers
& van Ee #56, 57, 58; McCorkle #755.9, 755.22, 756.6,
759.1, 763.4). This map was apparently prepared by Thomas
Kitchin in London for a French edition of Atlas
methodique by Jean Palairet. There were several
subsequent versions as listed by McCorkle. It shows the
eastern seaboard from Newfoundland to Florida and west to
the Mississippi. Pennsylvania extends to the 43rd
parallel. This image is from the Library of Congress. A version dated 1756 can be seen at the Darlington Library.
ENGLISCH = UND FRANZOSISCHEN PROVINTZEN IN NORD-AMERICA
WORIN ANJETZE DER KRIEG GEFUHRET WIRD. An anonomous
undated German map listed by McCorkle (#755.13) under
this date. It shows the east coast from Newfoundland to
Florida west to the Mississippi. It appears to have been
copied from Overton's 1754 map as it shows the same weird
1755.11 A NEW AND
ACCURATE MAP OF NORTH AMERICA, (WHEREIN THE ERRORS OF ALL
PRECEDING BRITISH, FRENCH AND DUTCH MAPS RESPECTING THE
RIGHTS OF GREAT BRITAIN, FRANCE & SPAIN, & THE
LIMITS OF EACH OF HIS MAJESTY'S PROVINCES, ARE CORRECTED.)
Humbly inscribed... By his most obliged, most obedient
and very humble servant, Huske. Tho: Kitchin sculpt. The
map (McCorkle #755.16, Seller & van Ee #67) is from The
Present State of North America by John Huske, and
also appeared in a 1760 book by William Douglass. The
coverage extends from Newfoundland to Florida, with an
inset of the Hudson Bay area. Pennsylvania extends above
42 degrees and has an irregular western boundary that is
the mirror image of the eastern. Illustrated in Fite
& Freeman #48. This image is from the Library of
1755.12 CANADA ET
LOUISIANE par le Sr. le Rouge ingenieur geographe du Roy
a Paris rue des Augustins avec privilege du roi 1755 (McCorkle
#755.23, 777.14, Sellers & van Ee #33-34, 154). This
map covers the eastern United States with two insets
showing the course of the Mississippi. It appeared in
several Le Rouge atlases in different states. It was
retitled CARTE D'UNE PARTIE DE L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE...for the 1787 edition of Francois Soules' Histoire
des troubles de l'Amerique anglaises and that
version is shown here. Image from the Heritage Map Museum
1755.13 A MAP OF
THE BRITISH AND FRENCH SETTLEMENTS IN NORTH AMERICA. J.
Lodge delin et sculp. A map showing the eastern United
States from Newfoundland to Florida and west to the
Mississippi illustrating the French & Indian war to
readers of the Gentleman's Magazine, July 1755.
This image is from the Library of Congress where there is
another version very similar to this one engraved by I.
Ridge, but not quite the same. It probably comes from
another magazine. Pennsylvania's northern boundary
extends to the 43rd parallel and the western boundary is
a mirror image of the eastern. Fort du Quesne is
identified, along with Logstown and Venango. The text
gives a short history of discovery and colony foundation.
(McCorkle #755.24, Sellers & van Ee #5). Longitude
west from London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 190 miles.
Size: 11 x 15.5 inches.
1755.14 A MAP OF
THE BRITISH AND FRENCH SETTLEMENTS IN NORTH AMERICA. Univ.
Mag. J. Hinton Newgate Street. Another map similar to the
one above illustrating the French & Indian war to
readers of the Universal Magazine, October 1755
(McCorkle #755.29, Sellers & van Ee #36). Contains an
inset of Crown Point. Pennsylvania is shown extending to the 43rd parallel. The coloring is likely not original. Blank verso, longitude from London. Scale: 1 inch = 192 miles. Size: 11 x 14.75 inches.
1755.15 A MAP OF
THE BRITISH AND FRENCH SETTLEMENTS IN NORTH AMERICA. T.
Phinn scul. Another map similar to the ones above, but
from Scots Magazine, volume 17, 1755 (McCorkle #755.33).
1755.16 MAPA DE
LA AMERICA SEPTENTRIONAL divido en dos partes ...
Delineado por Lopez y Cruz Ano de 1755 (McCorkle #755.25,
Sellers & van Ee #35). A Spanish map of uncertain
date showing the region from Newfoundland to Florida and
west to the Mississippi, and containing an engraving of
Niagra Falls. The English and French colonies are
demarcated by a line that passes through Pennsylvania
just west of the Susquehanna. Philadelphia is named. This
image is from the Library of Congress.
1755.17 CARTE ABR
GEE DU CANADA LEVEE SUR LES LIEUX par M. *** resident a
Quebec annee 1754. Gravee par Gautier Fils Obs. de M.
Gautier annee 1755. A map published in Cartes en
couleur des lieux sujets..., by J. Gautier, Paris
1756. Dated 1755 by McCorkle (#755.26) from the engraving
date, it shows the St. Lawrence centered on Quebec and
extends south to the Chesapeake, north to Newfoundland,
and west to include Lake Erie. Delaware Bay is misshapen
and the colonies are misplaced and extended north-south
similar to the 1754 Overton map.
1755.18 A MAP OF
NEW ENGLAND & YE COUNTRY ADJACENT, EXTENDING
NORTHWARD TO QUEBEC & WESTWARD TO NIAGRA, ON LAKE
ONTARIO; SHEWING GEN: SHIRLEY AND GEN: IOHNSON'S ROUTS,
& MANY PLACES OMITTED IN OTHER MAPS; COMMUNICATED BY
A GENTLEMAN WHO RESIDED IN THESE PARTS. Engrav'd for the
General Magazine of Arts & Sciences for W. Owen at
Temple Bar 1755. This General Magazine map is
interesting for its inset engravings of three forts,
Oswego, Crown Point, and especially Fort Du Quesne. This
fort is shown with four bastions at ninety degrees and a
fifth pointing inland between "Ohio River" (i.e.
Allegheny) and "Monongehela R." Locations
around the fort are numbered with an accompanying
explanation table. The rest of the map shows nothing of
Pennsylvania except the lower Delaware with Philadelphia
named. The map can be seen at the Darlington Library. McCorkle #755.27; Sellers & van Ee #64.
BELLI IN AMERICA SEPTENTRIONALI II. foliis comprehensum
jussu Acad. Reg. Scient. et Eleg. Litt. exhibit J. C.
Rhode ac: geogr. Berger sulpsit Berol. This undated two
sheet German map is dated 1755 by McCorkle (#755.34) and
Sellers and van Ee (#59) because it was probably
published to illustrate the French & Indian War. It
resembles a map (1753.5) published in Atlas
Geographique omnes orbis terrarum regiones... by
Leonhard Euler, for the Royal Prussian Academy of
Sciences , Berlin 1753, and may have come from a later
edition. It covers the area east of the Mississippi from
Canada to Carolina. The eastern sheet is illustrated in
McCorkle and has a fancy cartouche with a palm tree and
an engraving of Crown Point; the western part is
illustrated in Brown #23. Both sheets joined are shown
here from the Library of Congress.
1755.20 PARTIE DE
L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE, QUI COMPREND LE COURS DE L'OHIO,
LA NLLE. ANGLETERRE, LA NLLE YORK, LE NEW JERSEY LA
PENSYLVANIE, LE MARYLAND AND LA VIRGINIE, LA CAROLINE.
par le Sr. Robert de Vaugondy, Geographe Ordinaire du Roi
avec privilege 1755. M. C. Haussard fecit. This map (McCorkle
#755.37, Sellers and van Ee #718) appeared in editions of
de Vaugondy's Atlas Universel from 1757 on. It
is a large map of the eastern seaboard with an inset of
the South Carolina coast on the same scale. The mapping
of the trans-Allegheny and Great Lakes regions and in the
interior of New England includes information from the
Mitchell, Evans and Fry-Jefferson maps. The boundary
between the British colonies and Louisiane follows along
the Appalachians and the map contains a combination of
English and French names. The title cartouche fills the
Atlantic. The Pennsylvania region is shown here in a
. Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch =
45 miles. Size: 19 x 25 inches.
1755.21 PARTIE DE
L'AMERIQUE SEPTENT. QUI COMPREND LA NOUVELLE FRANCE OU LE
CANADA, Par le Sr. Robert de Vaugondy Geog. Ordinaire du
Roy. Avec privilege 1755. M. C. Haussard fecit. This map
also comes from Atlas Universel and is only
included here because an inset of the Great Lakes
includes part of northern Pennsylvania, not named.
English versions were published in 1759 PART OF NORTH
AMERICA; CONTAINING CANADA...; and in 1766 A NEW MAP OF
CANADA, ALSO THE NORTH PARTS... (McCorkle #759.3). This
image is from the Library of Congress.
OCCIDENTALE DE LA NOUVELLE FRANCE OU CANADA. Par Mr.
Bellin Ingenieur de la Marine 1755. This is a map of the
Great Lakes which includes all of Pennsylvania. This
image is from the National Archives of Canada. This map
is illustrated in Schwartz (1994). It was copied (with
credit) by Homann Heirs and published with exactly the
same title circa 1755, and this version can be seen at the Darlington Library.
1755.23 A NEW AND
ACCURATE MAP OF THE ENGLISH EMPIRE IN NORTH AMERICA:
representing their rightful claim as confirm'd by
charters and the formal surrender of their Indian friends,
likewise the encroachments of the French, with several
forts they have unjustly created therein. By a Society of
Anti-Gallicans. Publish'd according to Act of Parliament
Decr. 1755 and sold by Wm. Herbert on London Bridge &
Robt. Sayer over against Fetter Lane in Fleet Street (McCorkle
#755.38, Sellers & van Ee #28). Like many other maps
from this period, this one shows the east coast from
Newfoundland to Florida and west to the Mississippi; a
large inset map adds northern Canada and the Caribbean.
This image is from the Library of Congress. There was at
least one other version of this map which included six
additional insets of Crown Point and Canadian locations
which is illustrated in Schwartz (1994) and included here
from the Library of Congess
1755.24 PLAN OF
FORT LE QUESNE built by the French at the Fork of the
Ohio and Monongahela in 1754. There are several versions of
this map. The first is a manuscript draft prepared by
Robert Stobo probably in 1754 (illustrated in Brown #26
and in Schwartz (1994) and shown here in a later reprint). The first printed version was
"Published according to the Act by J. Payne in Pater-noster
row July 15 1755," as listed by Stevens & Tree (#70)
in Tooley, Chapter 2; this map is illustrated in Swift (2001)
and in Pritchard & Taliaferro #24. It also appeared as an inset in A MAP OF NEW ENGLAND & COUNTRY ADJACENT....SHOWING GEN: SHIRLEY AND GEN: JOHNSON'S ROUTS..., engraved for the General Magazine of Arts & Sciences for W. Owen at Temple Bar 1755. Another printed
version has the imprint "Printed for Robt. Sayer and
Thos. Jefferys," and is illustrated in Brown #27,
Schwartz (1994) and Johnson (1974). The fort was four
pointed with two additional breastworks toward the
landward side, and was located very near the river
juncture. The image here is from Jeffrey's A general
topography of North America and the West Indies
published in 1768, from the Library of Congress.
The printed copies are very similar and include the legend as in the copy shown here.
1755.25 A DRAFT
OF THE OHIO FROM AN INDIAN ACCOUNT. This is a manuscript
map showing the region from Cumberland to Lake Erie and
west into Ohio. Both Brown #22 and Schwartz (1994) date
it circa 1755. It was found in the papers of General
Thomas Gage and the original is in the Clements Library
at the University of Michigan. This is probably the map
1755.26 A PLAN OF
FORT DEQUESNE. A manuscript map dated circa 1755 in Brown
#28. It has letters on parts of the fort with an
accompanying identification table. The layout resembles
that by Stobo, map 1755.24. The map is reproduced in
Hulbert(1907) which is the image here.
1755.27 A SKETCH
OF THE FIELD OF BATTLE WITH THE DISPOSITION OF THE TROOPS
IN THE BEGINNING OF THE ENGAGEMENT OF THE 9TH JULY ON THE
MONONGAHELA. 7 miles from Fort Du Quesne. This is a
manuscript map in the Library of Congress showing the
battle along the river near Pittsburgh where General
Braddock was fatally shot. Washington was Braddock's aide
during the march and retreat. Braddock died during the
retreat and his body was buried in an unmarked grave so
the Indians could not find it. The map is discussed and
illustrated in Brown #29 and Schwartz (1994). The image
here is from Winsor (1884).
DRAUGHT OF GENL. BRADDOCKS ROUTE TOWARDS FORT DU QUESNE
as deliver'd to Capt. McKeller Engineer. By Christ. Gist
The 15th. of Sept. 1755. This is a manuscript map of the
region from Cumberland to the Forks of the Ohio. The
original is in the John Carter Brown Library and it is
illustrated in Brown #30 and Schwartz (1994). The map has
a series of numbers for the camps each night and an
accompanying milage table. A similar map formed the basis
for subsequent maps of Braddock's march such as map 1759.2.
Gist was one of the famous characters of the colonial
frontier and a neighbor of the more famous Daniel Boone.
Gist acted as guide for Washington on his 1753 trip to
negotiate with the French, or more accurately to order
them off Virginia land.
1755.29 COPY OF A
SKETCH OF THE MONONGAHELA, WITH THE FIELD OF BATTLE, DONE
BY AN INDIAN. This is a manuscript map in the Library of
Congress dated circa 1755 showing the battle near
Pittsburgh where General Braddock was fatally wounded.
1755.30 MAP OF
ROUTE FROM FORT CUMBERLAND...TO FORT ERIE, an anonymous
manuscript map reproduced in Hulbert(1907) dated circa
1755, which resembles Washington's map of his 1753
journey to visit the French. There are a number of
anonymous manuscript maps showing this route, see
#2__A4, #25_A4.01, #25_W4, #255A8,
1755.31 A MAP OF
PART OF THE PROVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA WEST OF THE RIVER
SUSQUAHANNAH. A manuscript map in the Public Record
Office, London, showing the region between the
Susquehanna and the Allegheny Front with this date on it
in pencil. This map is illustrated and discussed in Myers
(1999). A facsimile copy can be seen at the Darlington Library dated circa 1756.
TRACT WITH THE ADJACENT LANDS, a manuscript map online at
Bethelehem Digital History
dated 1755. It is a land ownership map of the Nazereth,
1755.33 FAIT AU
FORT DUQUESNE LE 15 AVILLE 1755. This French manuscript
map (Stotz II-22) was prepared by Canadian military
engineer Joseph-Gaspard Chaussegros de Lery in April 1755
as the title says. The original is at the Centre des
Archives d'outre-mer, Aix-en-Provence, Archives
Nationales. It differs somewhat from the Stobo map above.
The bastion facing the river apex is unfinished, and the
external redoubts are farther from the basic square with
one facing north and a larger one facing east. The five
interior buildings are larger relative to the overall
size of the fort. The Ohio-Allegheny is called "Oyo
ou Belle Riviere" and the Mon "Riviere
Manangaile." To the left is text with the title:
PLAN DU FORT DUQUESNE ET DE LES ENVIRONS. The fort plan
cast in a 4 foot diameter bronze disk and planted at the
actual fort location in Point State Park, Pittsburgh,
resembles this map. This marker bears the inscription
"from the contemporary military drawing in the
Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris," which may refer to
the map below.
1755.34 PLAN DU
FORT DUQUESNE. This very polished manuscript plan (Stotz
II-19) of uncertain date shows the fort as complete and
is therefore less believable than the Lery plan above.
Only the fort is shown and little of the surrounding
topography. A table with a letter key identifies
buildings. Stotz attributes the plan to Francois Le
Mercier, a French engineer, and says it is the only
extant description of the buildings inside the fort. The
original is in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.
1755.35 NEW WORKS
AT FORT DU QUESNE AT JUNCTION OF ALLEGHENY &
MONONGAHELA RIVERS. This interesting manuscript map is
discussed in detail by Stotz (II-60). It was a plan for a
new fort to replace Fort Duquesne carried by General
Braddock. It has a note in French "Found in the
military portfolio of General Braddock..., Dumas, Capt."
Apparently Braddock's plans were found by French Captain
Jean Dumas after the battle and sent on to Canada. The
plan shows a large fort covering the entire point between
the rivers. The original is in the Huntington Library in
This manuscript map was found under #33 in the map
archives of the American
attributed to (Major) John
Armstrong, circa 1755. It is a proposal for an attack on
Kittanning, the Indian town on the Allegheny, by
Armstrong, based upon a report by "John Baker
Soldier at Fort Shierley, who last Winter made his escape
from the Indians at the Kittanning." The attack was
made in conjunction with Forbes' advance on Pittsburgh
and the town destroyed. Armstrong County is named after
the major and Kittanning is today the county seat.
County) There is a manuscript map in the Christopher Gist
papers in the Maryland Hall of Records showing the area
around Gist's homestead, presumably prepared by Gist
circa 1755. Docktor
1755.38 A SKETCH
OF THE FIELD OF BATTLE OF THE 9TH OF JULY, UPON THE
MONONGAHELA, SEVEN MILES FROM FORT DU QUESNE, BETWEEN THE
BRITISH TROOPS COMMANDED BY GENERAL BRADDOCK AND THE
FRENCH & FRENCH INDIANS COMMANDED BY MONS. DE LE
PIERRE, by Patrick Mackellar, 1755. A manuscript map in
the Royal Library collections of King George III at
Winsor Castle. Docktor
1755.39 A MAP OF
THE FIVE GREAT LAKES WITH PART OF PENSILVANIA, NEW YORK,
CANADA AND HUDSONS BAY TERRITORIES &c., from the
September 1755 issue of The London Magazine: Or,
Gentleman's Monthly Intelligencer, London: Printed
for R. Baldwin, at the Rose in Pater-Noster Row. The area
covered extends south from James Bay to 40 degrees, west
to include the upper Mississippi, and includes almost all
of Pennsylvania which is shown extending north to 43
degrees. A few months earlier in July the magazine
published A MAP OF VIRGINIA, NORTH AND SOUTH CAROLINA,
GEORGIA, MARYLAND WITH PART OF NEW JERSEY &c., which
extends north to just past 40 degrees and includes the
thin slice of southern Pennsylvania missing on this map.
Longitude west from London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch =
107 miles. Size: 8 x 10 inches.
1756.1 A MAP OF
THE PROVINCE OF PENSILVANIA DRAWN FROM THE BEFT
AUTHORITIES, by T. Kitchin Gr., printed for R. Baldwin in
Pater Noster Row 1756. This map appeared in the December
issue of London Magazine 1756. It is based upon
the 1749 Evans map and incorporates the 1732 boundary
agreement between Lord Baltimore and the Penns, which set
the boundary at essentially its present position. The
boundary with New York is placed at about 42d 30m and
called undefined. The western boundary is a mirror image
of the eastern and is placed just west of "F. du
Quesne." Kitchin apparently read accounts of western
Pennsylvania as Ohiopyle Falls on the Youghiogheney River
are identified. This is the first map of all the state of
Pennsylvania itself, rather than the Philadelphia or Mid-Atlantic
regions. It pre-dates the larger and better known 1759
Scull map of Pennsylvania by three years. Phillips page
673. Longitude from Philadelphia at top, London at bottom.
Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 43 miles. Size: 7 x 9 inches.
SEPTENTRIONALIS A DOMINO D'ANVILLE IN GALLIIS EDITA NUMC
IN ANGLIA COLONIIS IN INTERIOREM VIRGINIAM DEDUCTIS NEC
NON FLUVII OHIO CURSU AUCTA NOTISQ GEOGRAPHICIS ET
HISTORICIS ILLUSTRATA. Sumptibus Homannianorum Heredum
Noribergae Ao. 1756 (McCorkle #756.1, 777.2; Sellers
& van Ee #68-69). Like so many of the 1755 maps, this
one shows the eastern United States from Newfoundland to
Florida and west to the Mississippi, and is modeled on
the 1755 d'Anville map as the title makes clear. The map
appears in editions of Homann Heirs atlases.
Pennsylvania extends to 42d 30m with an irregular western
boundary that is a mirror image of the eastern
boundary. The German text describes British and French claims and is taken from Jeffrey's 1755 map (see map 1755.5). Blank verso, with longitude west from Ferro at top and west from London at bottom. Scale: 1 inch = 100 miles. Size: 18 x 20 inches.
1756.3 A MAP OF
NORTH AMERICA SHEWING THE PLACES WHERE THE METALS,
MINERALS, FOSSILES AND MEDICINAL-WATERS ARE TO BE FOUND.
B. Cole sculp. This map (McCorkle #756.3) by Benjamin
Cole appeared in the Literary Magazine, December
1756. It is an English copy of the French 1752.3 map of
1756.4 A MAP OF
THE EASTERN PART OF THE PROVINCE OF NEW YORK; WITH PART
OF NEW JERSEY &C. Drawn from the best authorities. By
T. Kitchin geog. Printed for R. Baldwin in Pater Noster
Row 1756. This map (McCorkle #756.7) appeared in the London
Magazine, September 1756, which also carried the
companion Pennsylvania map above, 1756.1. The northern
and eastern parts of Pennsylvania are included on this
map only because the boundary is set at 42d 30m with the
note "not yet settled." There is an inset of
Crown Point. The towns of Durham, Bethlehem, Easton,
Nazereth near the Lehigh - Delaware junction are named.
Blank verso, longitude from Philadelphia at top, from London at bottom. Scale: 1 inch = 47 miles. Size: 6.5 x 8.5 inches.
1756.5 MAPA DE LA
PRINCIPAL PARTE DE LA AMERICA SEPTENTRIONAL. A Spanish
map (McCorkle #756.10) that appeared in Atlas o
Compendio Geographico, Madrid 1756. It shows the
eastern United States west to beyond the Mississippi. The
colonies are named with inaccurate boundaries.
1756.6 CARTE DU
CANADA ET DE LA LOUISIANE QUI FORMENT LA NOUVELLE FRANCE
ET DES COLONIES ANGLOISES OU SONT REPRESENTEZ LES PAYS
CONTESTEZ DRESSEE SUR LES OBSERVATIONS ET SUR PLUSIEURS
CARTES PARTICULIERES ET MEME ANGLOISES par J. B. Nolin
geographe. a Paris chez Daumont rue de la Feronerie, a l'Aigle
d'Or, 1756 (McCorkle #756.12, Sellers & van Ee #72).
The map shows the eastern United States, McCorkle
illustrates the northeast portion. The colony names are
placed in an elongated north-south position, but
boundaries are not indicated. Chester and Philadelphia
are named and a "Fort Indien" along the
Susquehanna. This image is from the Library of Congress.
1756.7 CARTE DES
COLONIES ANGLAISES DANS L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE,
TERMINEE PAR LA RE. OHIO. Traduite de l'Anglais de la
carte de H. Overton, et augmentee par le Sr. Nolin 1756.
As the title states, this map is based upon the Overton
1755 map with additions from a Nolin map for the Nova
Scotia area. It also contains the various boundary
indications that appeared on the 1755.7 map described
above. McCorkle #756.13. This image is from the Library
of Congress. The Maryland State Archives, MSA SC 1399-1-122,
lists a map of very similar title: CARTE DES COLONIES
ANGLOISES DANS L'AMERIQUE SEPTENTRIONALE TERMINEE PAR LA
Re. OHIO, A Paris chez N.J.B. Poilly Rue S. Jacques a L'Esperance.
This map has the same geographical coverage but is
thought to date earlier, circa 1754-55.
1756.8 CARTE DES
POSSESSIONS FRANCOISES ET ANGLOISES DANS LE CANADA, ET
PARTIE DE LA LOUISIANE. A Paris, ches le Sieur Longchamps,
geographe, rue Saint Jacques, a l'Enseigne de la Place
des Victoires. C.P.R. 1756. The image shown here is a
later version from Louis Charles Desnos' Atlas
général 1767 per the Library of Congress from
where this image comes. The map includes an inset titled
"Supplement pour les possessions françoises et
angloises au sud de la Louisiane. Gravé par Chambon,"
which is a map of the southeast. The region from
Newfoundland to the Carolinas and west to include the
Great Lakes is shown on the main map. The colonies are
depicted with elongated north-south boundaries, with
Pennsylvania ending at the Allegheny Front. McCorkle #756.9,
776.18; Seller & van Ee #70, 140.
SEPTENTRIONALE avec les routes, distances en miles,
limites et etablissements Francois et Anglois. Par le
Docteur Mitchel traduit de l'Anglois a Paris par le Rouge
Ingr. Geographe du Roy rue des Grands Augustins 1756.
This is the Le Rouge French edition of Mitchell's map,
which appeared in subsequent atlases and editions.
McCorkle #756.11, 776.22, 777.15; Sellers & van Ee #45-53.
This image is from the Library of Congress.
1756.10 A GENERAL
MAP OF THE MIDDLE BRITISH COLONIES IN AMERICA: VIZ.
VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, DELAWARE, PENSILVANIA... carefully
copied from the original publish'd at Philadelphia, by Mr.
Lewis Evans 1755, with some improvements by I. Gibson.
Sold by T. Kitchin Engraver & Printseller at the Star
opposite Ely Gate Holborn. 1756. Price 2s. This is a copy
of Evans' famous 1755 map and is sometimes called a
piracy, however Evans is given full credit in the title
though he probably got no part of the 2 shillings. This
map appeared in several versions, the last apparently in
1794, see map 1794.19, and this later version is shown here.
The map also can be seen at the Darlington Library. McCorkle #756.4, 794.6.
Blank verso; longitude from Philadelphia at top, from London at bottom. Scale: 1 inch = 34 miles. Size: 19 x 26 inches.
1756.11 A SKETCH
OF THE PROVINCES OF NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY, PENSILVANIA,
MARYLAND & VIRGINIA shewing the line of forts lately
built on the frontiers of those colonies and their
scituation with respect to the french forts on the Ohio
& Lake Erie. Also the route from Albany to Oswego
with the forts built & to be for its security. Drawn
by order of His Excellency General Shirley, by Wm.
Alexander secretary. This is a manuscript map of the
region from Lake Ontario to Lake Erie and south to
include the Chesapeake. The forts are numbered and
identified in a table. The original is in the British
Library; it is illustrated in Brown #31 and dated to 1756; and a facsimile copy can also be see at the Darlington Library.
AUGUSTA. An anonymous manuscript map of the fort
constructed at Sunbury at the fork of the Susquehanna. It
is reproduced in Hulbert(1907), which is the image here,
dated 1756 and in Stotz II-40. Hulbert and Stotz also
reproduce an elevation view of the fort construction.
1756.13 CARTE DE
LA PENSILVANIE, from Etat present de la Pensilvanie...
by William Smith, Paris 1756, an abridged translation of
William Smith's A brief view of the conduct of
Pennsylvania, for the year 1755, ... London, 1756.
To this the translator, the Abbé J.I. de La Ville, added
a Description abrégée de la Pensilvanie and a Relation
contentant la suite de ce qui s'est passé en Pensilvanie
... , as well as this map. The English version had
no map. In 1768 this same map was used in
et politique de la Pensylvanie,
et de l'etablissement des
Quakers dans cette contree, traduite de l'Allemand
by Jacques Philibert
Rousselot de Sugy, Ganeau,
1768. See Phillips pages 674,
673. Longitude west from Paris,
blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 26 miles. Size: 10 x 7.5
PENNSYLVANIA (showing Frontier Defenses, 1756) from
Philadelphia up the Delaware, Schuylkill and Susquehanna
Rivers. A manuscript map in the Pennsylvania Archives,
Simonetti #115, and probably the map discussed by Myers (1999)
and attributed to Thomas Hutchins. Also, probably the map
#256A3. It is illustrated on
pages 176-177 in Shirk. It shows southeastern
Pennsylvania west to the mountains with little detail;
the intent is to show the location of the frontier forts.
1756.15 ESSAY DU
COURS DE L'OYO avec les Forts Francois et Anglois, tire
de la Carte Angloise de Washington 1755. a Paris chez le
Rouge rue des Augustins. This is a French copy of map
1754.7 that appeared in Washington's Journal and
is dated 1756 in Pritchard & Taliaferro #31 where it
is illustrated with discussion. Several towns and Indian
tribes along the Allegheny and Ohio are named.
BRITISH & FRENCH DOMINIONS IN NORTH AMERICA,
Particularly Shewing the French Encroachments Through all
the British Plantations from Nova Scotia down to the Gulf
of Mexico. Printed for T. Bowles in St. Paul's Church
Yard and John Bowles and son at the Black Horse in
Cornhil. McCorkle #756.2 dates this map circa 1756. There
is a copy in the Pennsylvania Archives, Manuscript Group
11 #940, dated circa 1758.
1756.17 PLAN DU
FORT AUGUSTA. This manuscript plan (Stotz II-42) of the
fort is more polished than the one listed above and
attributed to Lieutenant Elias Meyer, a colonial soldier,
who was apparently French. See also
Augusta) A manuscript map in the collections of the
Historical Society of Pennsylvania attributed to Joseph
Shippen, and dated circa 1756. The catalog title is MAP
OF COL. CLAPSHAM'S MARCH TO FORT AUGUSTA. The map shows
the Susquehanna from Harrisburg to Sunbury to Nanticoke.
1756.19 A MAPP OF
PENSILVANIA IN AMERICA, an anonymous manuscript map in
the British Library dated circa 1756 that is a copy of
Thomas Holme's 1687 map. Docktor
DIEFE LAND CARTE ENTBALTDEN
ABRIS DER LAGE DER ENGLIFCPEN DROPINZEN IN NORD AMERICA.
This anonymous and undated map is believed to come from a German
almanac printed during the last half of the eighteenth
century when there was a large German population entering
Pennsylvania. The latest date in the
on the verso is 1756 so that
date is used here, but it must date somewhat later. The descriptor "United States" does not appear suggesting a date prior to 1780. If so, this would be one of the few maps printed in the colonies. The region depicted is that of the French & Indian War. The
land is drawn to look three dimensional and the map
pictures rivers, lakes, including four of the Great Lakes:
Ontario, Erie, a distorted Huron, and the lower part of
Superior. The locations of Montreal, Quebec, Lake
Champlain, Crown Pt, Philadelphia, Ft Frontenac, are
noted though hard to see on this print. No
longitude markings, scale at top indicating ~150 miles to
the inch. Size: 4.75 x 7 inches.
1757.1 CARTE DE
LA NOUVELLE ANGLETERRE, NOUVELLE YORCK ET PENSILVANIE,
POUR SERVIR A L'HISTOIRE GENERALE DES VOYAGES, ECHELLE DE
LIEUES COMMUNES DE FRANCE, 1757 TOM.XIV, NO. 9. par M. B.
Ing de la Mar. This map includes eastern Pennsylvania
along with New York and New England as the title says.
The Delaware separation from Pennsylvania is not shown.
This map is illustrated on page 244 of Portinaro &
Knirsch attributed to Jacques Nicolas Bellin. Although
bearing the date 1757, the map was likely published
sometime later in Histoire General des Voyages....,
edited by Antoine Francois Prevost, Paris 1757-c1770.
Sellers & van Ee (#721-723) say it appears in La
Harpe, Abrege de l'histoire generale des voyages
as late as 1780. There were many copies of this map, not
all listed here, and McCorkle (#757.1, 763.2, 777.4, 781.2,
783.2) illustrates five of them. The German version of
this map was titled KARTE VON NEU ENGLAND NEU YORCK UND
PENSILVANIEN and first appeared (with the attribution von
M. B. Ing de la Mar) in Allgemeine Historie der
Reisen zu Wasser und Lande, a multi-volume history
by J. J. Schwabe, Leipzig, Arkstee und Merkus 1758. There
is a companion map CARTE DE LA VIRGINIE, DE LA BAYE
CHESAPRACK... which includes a piece of southeastern
Pennsylvania. Longitude is west from Paris. Blank verso.
Scale: 1 inch = 56 miles. Size: 10 x 14.4 inches.
SEPTENTRIONALE, SUIVANT LES NOUVELLES DECOUVERTES,
AUGMENTE DES COLLONIES QUI SONT DERRIERE LA VIRGINIE ET
DU COUR DE L'OHIO. Traduit de l'Anglois d'apres Thos.
Gefferys geographe du Prince de Galle, et divisee suivant
les pretendues pretentions des Anglois, sans neantmoins
entendre, que ce la tire a concequence en 1757. The map (McCorkle
#757.3, Sellers & van Ee #73) covers the eastern
United States from Canada to the Gulf. There is an inset
of the Atlantic Ocean. Pennsylvania extends above 42
degrees with an irregular western boundary which is the
mirror image of the eastern. There was a 1777 version of
this map with the title altered to CARTE NOUVELLE DES
POSSISSIONS ANGLOISES EN AMERIQUE... (McCorkle 777.10,
Sellers & van Ee #155-56). This image is from the
Library of Congress.
1757.3 A MAP OF
THAT PART OF AMERICA WHICH WAS THE PRINCIPAL SEAT OF WAR
IN 1756. A timely magazine map (McCorkle #757.4, Sellers
& van Ee #78) from the Gentleman's Magazine
of February, 1757, showing the area from Pennsylvania to
the St. Lawrence. The state just barely makes it onto the
bottom of this map and only because its boundary is
carried to the 43rd parallel. But, why doesn't "the
principal seat" include the Forks of the Ohio? The map can be seen at the Darlington Library.
1757.4 A NEW AND
ACCURATE MAP OF THE PRESENT WAR IN NORTH AMERICA.
Universal Mag. J. Hinton, Newgate Street. R. W. Seale
sculp. This map (McCorkle #757.5, Sellers & van Ee #79)
from the Universal Magazine of May, 1757, looks
almost exactly like the preceding one from Gentleman's
Magazine. Again, Pennsylvania just makes it onto the
bottom because its boundary is shown near 43 degrees.
1757.5 A MAP OF
MARYLAND WITH THE DELAWARE COUNTIES AND THE SOUTHERN PART
OF NEW JERSEY &C. By T. Kitchin Geogr. Pennsylvania
is part of the "&c" in this map, which
appeared in the August issue of London Magazine
1757, although a good bit of it is shown west to Ohiopyle
Falls. Washington's battle with the French and Indians at
Fort Necessity is marked with crossed swords. Towns,
roads, rivers, boundaries are shown. The map is pretty
good on boundaries considering the Mason-Dixon survey was
still in the future. The coloring on this copy is not
original; illustrated in Papenfuse & Coale. Longitude
west from Philadelphia at top, from London at bottom.
Blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 38 miles. Size: 6.5 x 9
1757.6 CARTE DE
LA FLORIDE, DE LA LOUISIANE, et Pays Voisms. Pour servir
a l'Histoire Generale des Voyages par M. B. Ing. de la
Marine 1757. Tom XIV. in 4O. No. 12 Tome 14. in 8O page 1ere.
A map by Jacques Nicolas Bellin, the coverage extends
from Lake Erie to the Rocky Mountains and from the Great
Lakes to a cutoff Florida. F. Duquene, Joncaire Poste Fr,
Venango, F. de la Aux Baeufs, F. Neccessite det, are
named in western Pennsylvania. This map follows De L'Isle
map of the region, showing settlements, towns, Indian
tribes, forts, rivers, mountains and other early place
names. The map appeared in the atlas to accompany Prevost's
Histoire Generale des Voyages, Paris 1746-89.
Exactly the same map was also published under the title
CARTE DE LA LOUISIANE... . The German version of this map
is titled KARTE VON LUISIANA, DEM LAUFE DES MISSISSIPI UN
DEN BENACHBARTEN LAENDERN, see map 1757.1 above for
source. Longitude west from Paris, blank verso. Scale: 1
inch = 150 miles. Size: 9 x 12 inches.
1757.7 CARTE DES
LACS DU CANADA Pour fervir a l'Histoire Generale des
Voyages Par M. B. Ing. de la Mar 1757. This is another
Bellin map from Voyages. It has the same name as
map 1744.3, also by Bellin, but is not the same map. The
coverage is broader and it lacks many of the names on the
earlier map. Pennsylvania is not named although "F.
de la R. aux Baeufs" on French Creek is named. This
map is illustrated in Portinaro & Knirsch. There is
also a German version KARTE VON DEN SEEN IN CANADA, see
map 1757.1 above for source. Longitude west from Paris,
blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 106 miles. Size: 7.75 by 11
1757.8 CARTE DE
LA VIRGINIE, DE LA BAYE CHESAPEACK, et Pays Voisins. This
is another Bellin map from Voyages. Exactly the same map
also appeared under the name CARTE DE LA BAYE DE
CHESAPEACK et Pays Voisins; as with most of Bellin's maps,
there seem to be several versions of this one. This
example is taken from the circa 1780 re-issue of Histoire
générale des voyages but is identical to the
earlier map. The coverage extends north to 40d 25m and so
includes a slice of southern Pennsylvania. The map
extends west to just beyond "F. Cumberland."
The towns identified in Pennsylvania are Sipensbourg (i.e.
Shippensburg), Lancastre, Yorc (i.e. York), Chester,
Derbi (i.e. Darby), Bristol, and Philadelphie. Longitude
west from Paris, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 36 miles.
Size: 7.5 x 11.25 inches.
1757.9 CARTE DE
LA LOUISIANE COLONIE FRANCAISE avec le Cours du Fleuve St.
Louis, les Riviers Adjacentes, les Nations des Naturels,
les Establissems Francais, et les Mines. This is a map of
the midwest by Le Page. Image from the Heritage Map
Museum by permission.
1757.10 CARTE DES
FRONTIERES FRANCOISES ET ANGLOISES DANS LE CANADA DEPUIS
MONTREAL JUSQUES AU FORT DUQUESNE. This French map was
prepared by Pierre Pouchot, commandant of Fort Niagara,
sometime circa 1755-60. However, it was first published
in his memoires: Mémoires sur la dernière guerre de
l'Amérique Septentrionale : entre la France et l'Angleterre
; suivis d'observations, dont plusieurs sont relatives au
théatre actuel de la guerre, & de nouveaux détails
sur les moeurs & les usages des sauvages, avec des
cartes topographiques par m. Pouchot. Yverdon 1781.
As the title says, it shows the region between Montreal
and Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh) including all of New York
and New Jersey, and most of Pennsylvania. This image is a
mid-19th century facsimile, probably from O'Callaghan.
SKETCH FROM PHILADELPHIA TO FORT DU QUESNE. This
manuscript map (Stotz I-5) shows almost the entire
southern half of the state. It is of uncertain date but
probably made between the Braddock (1755) and Forbes (1758)
expeditions. Some early western settlements are named
such as Forts Littleton and Loudon, and Frankstown.
1757.12 A DRAUGHT
OF THE WEST BRANCH OF SUSQUEHANNA & PART OF THE OHIO
RIVER, 26 January 1757. This manuscript map was found
under #45 in the map archives of the American
attributed to Joseph Shippen,
Jr. It is the earliest of five maps in the Society
collections attributed to Shippen while serving under
Colonel Joseph Burd during the French & Indian War.
& SECTIONS OF HOUSES FOR OFFICERS & BARRACKS FOR
SOLDIERS NEAR THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA, Benjamin Loxley,
1757. A manuscript map in the British Library showing a
small section of riverfront Philadelphia.
ARMSTRONG'S ROUGH DRAFT OF THE COUNTRY TO THE WEST OF THE
SUSQUEHANNA. This map is reproduced in Brown #32, and
also Schwartz (1994), and the original manuscript image
is from the Library of Congress. There were two Mr.
Armstrongs, brothers George and John. This map is usually
attributed to Major George Armstrong due to a long ago
note made on the back of it and some correspondence
between John Armstrong and Governor William Denny. A
number of manuscript maps of western Pennsylvania were
produced during the 1750's because of the fighting
against the French. Maps assumed to be by William
Alexander, George and John Armstrong, and Thomas Hutchins
from this era are discussed by Myers (1999) with
reproductions, who questions the dating (more likely 1756)
and maker of this map. There is a second, and less
detailed, manuscript version of this map also illustrated
by Myers (1999). The Susquehanna River is at right, the
Juniata River in the center, and a dotted line leads to
Fort Duquesne. This name dates the map prior to 1759, it
is dated 1755? in Sellers & van Ee (#1303).
1758.2 MAPPA DELL'
AMERICA SETTENTRIONALE ove sono rappresentati esattam. i
paesi e loro limiti controversi che hanno dato motivo
alla guerra presente fra la Francia e l'Inghilterra. An
Italian map (attributed to Bellin by McCorkle #758.1)
showing the eastern United States and the geography of
the French and Indian War to Italian viewers. Some of the
names appearing in Pennsylvania are "Filadelfia,"
"Venango," "LogsTown," "Kuskuskies,"
"F. del Quesne."
1758.3 A NEW AND
ACCURATE MAP OF THE ENGLISH EMPIRE IN NORTH AMERICA
representing their rightful claim as confirm'd by
charters, & the formal surrender of their Indian
friends; likewise the encroachments of the French, with
the several forts they have unjustly erected therein. By
R. Bennett engraver. This map (McCorkle #758.2) appeared
in the Grand Magazine of Universal Intelligence,
vol. 1, 1758. As per usual, it shows the eastern United
States from Newfoundland to Florida and west to beyond
the Mississippi. "Ft. du Quesne" is undoubtedly
one "unjustly erected." This map has the same
title and looks much like the map from the Society of
NEW YORK AND PENSILVANIA. No.
41 from Emmanuel Bowen's Atlas Minimus Illustratus...,
drawn and engraved by J. Gibson, London 1758. On
the map is written a general description of the size and
products of the two states. Bowen has used 43 degrees as
the northern Pennsylvania boundary. The Lakes Ontario,
Erie, Huron and Michigan are accurately delineated. Towns
identified in Pennsylvania include: Philadelphia, Ft. du
Quesne, Kuskies, Tuscaro and Baccaloo. Sandusky in Ohio
is shown on Lake Erie. There is an elaborate title
cartouche. The Atlas Minimus was issued in 1758,
1774, 1779, and 1792; the image here is from the 1792
edition and is identical to the original. Bowen died in
1767 and Gibson in 1787. It was also published by Mathew
Carey in Philadelphia in 1798. There is another map from
the same volume titled PENSILVANIA, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA.
Longitude west from London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch =
250 miles. Size: 3.25 x 3.75 inches.
1758.5 CANADA OR
NEW FRANCE. A map by John Gibson that appeared in
editions of Emanuel Bowen's Atlas Minimus,
London 1758, 1774, 1779, 1792 (McCorkle #758.4). It is a
small, rather crude map of the Great Lakes area; nothing
in Pennsylvania is named. In the 1792 version, "English
Settlements" is replaced by "United States."
Pennsylvania is shown extending to the 43rd parallel with
the western boundary a mirror image of the eastern.
Longitude west from London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch =
385 miles. Size: 2.5 x 3.75 inches.
ENGLISH AND FRENCH SETTLEMENTS IN NTH. AMERICA. Another
small map by John Gibson in Atlas Minimus (McCorkle
#758.5). This one shows the entire eastern United States
from Newfoundland to Florida with the colonies named.
Philadelphia is one of the few towns named and
Pennsylvania's northern boundary appears to extend to
Lake Ontario. Like the map above, this one appeared in
subsequent editions with slight modifications. The color
on this copy is a later addition. Longitude west from
London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 600 miles. Size: 2.5
x 3.75 inches.
1758.7 A MAP OF
THE BRITISH AND FRENCH SETTLEMENTS IN NORTH AMERICA. I.
Ridge scu. Another timely magazine map from Gentleman's
& London Magazine, October 1758 (McCorkle #758.8,
Sellers & van Ee #60). It shows the eastern half of
North America from Hudson Bay to the Gulf, and includes a
list of French forts.
1758.8 ROUGH PLAN
OF FORT DU QUESNE, such as it was, before it was demolish'd.
1758. J.C. Pleydell. The original of this manuscript map,
of which there are two copies, is in the British Library
and it is illustrated in Brown #33 and in Hulbert(1907)
which is the image here. Pleydell was a military engineer
or draftsman attached to the army of General John Forbes
and his map shows the fort nearer the rivers than other
views. Brown and Stotz show the later version of this map
with the title PLAN OF FORT DU QUESNE, NOW PITSBURGH...,
which is a more finished drawing than the sketch here and
likely made in 1759.
1758.9 A PLAN OF
THE FORT FOR 220 MEN BUILT IN DECEMBER 1758 WITHIN 400
YARDS OF FORT DU QUESNE. This is a manuscript map in the
British Library and illustrated in Brown #35, Stotz II-57,
and Hulbert(1907), which is the image here. It was
prepared by an engineer attached to the troop of Colonel
Hugh Mercer who was left in command at (now) Pittsburgh.
Since Fort Duquesne had been demolished, a temporary fort,
subsequently called Mercer's Fort, was built along the
bank of the Monongahela. This fort was gradually
demolished as Fort Pitt was built.
Pennsylvania) An untitled anonymous manuscript map of the
Allegheny & Monongahela River region with approaches
to Fort Pitt; listed in Phillips page 673 and possibly
one of the other manuscript maps listed here circa 1760.
There are a number of anonymous manuscript maps either
prepared separately by soldiers in Braddock's army, or
copied from one original, that show the route from
Cumberland to Pittsburgh, see
FORBES MARCHING JOURNAL TO THE OHIO, by John Potts. This
is a manuscript map illustrated and discussed in some
detail by Myers (1998) and given this date, though early
1759 is possible. It shows the road built by Forbes on
his approach to Fort Duquesne, subsequently Pittsburgh.
This is probably the
manuscript map in the Library of Congress dated 1763? in
Sellers & van Ee (#1304)
titled MAP OF A ROUTE THROUGH
SOUTH WEST PENNSYLVANIA FROM FORT LOUDOUN, FRANKLIN CO.
TO FORT PITT, PITTSBURGH. Also
listed in Phillips page 673
dated 176_ .
a manuscript map online at the Bethlehem
Digital History Project
and dated 1758. It shows, in
German, early Bethlehem, Pennsylvania.
DES VON DER MARY BURNSIDES, a manuscript map online at
Digital History Project
and dated 1758. It is a
surveyed land map in German.
Settlements) This is a bird's-eye-view manuscript map
online at the Bethlehem
Digital History Project
and dated 1758. The map is
untitled but has a long caption in German at the bottom.
1758.15 PLAN OF
FORT DU QUESNE BEFORE IT WAS DESTROYED 1758, from The
Grand Magazine of Magazines, London. This short
lived periodical was apparently published between July
1758 and June 1760, and the map dates from a later
edition than the date in the title as General John Forbes
did not occupy the area until late November, 1758. The
map contains the note "Fort du Quesne destroyed 1758
now called Pittsburg;" also shown are Braddock's
Fields, where General Braddock was mortally wounded, and
"the Redoubt," a fortification located further
upstream along the Allegheny. This map is roughly contemporaneous with item 1759.6 below, and might also have some claim to being "the first map of Pittsburgh;" however, the name does not appear in the title. This map was seen at
auction. There are two manuscript maps in the British
Library that may be the basis for this map. see
Crossing, near Everett) This untitled and undated
manuscript map is attributed to Captain Harry Gordon (Stotz
II-48) and dated to June, 1758. The Juniata Crossing was
located about fourteen miles below Bedford on the
Raystown Branch, and built to secure the river crossing
on the way to Bedford. It shows a stockade on both sides
of the river extending down to the banks.
1758.17 PLAN OF
THE ENVIRONS, FORT, AND ENCAMPMENTS OF RAYSTOWN. This
beautiful manuscript map (Stotz II-51) is attributed to
the British engineer J. C. Pleydell. It dates prior to
December, 1758, since after that the fort was renamed
Bedford by General Forbes. It includes an area of several
miles showing the river and mountains by hatching.
Ligonier) This rough untitled manuscript map (Stotz III-2)
was prepared by Colonel James Burd and is thought to be
the earliest map of the fort. It shows Loyalhanna Creek
and the general topography by hatching. This map and the
next four are illustrated by Stotz who discusses their
use in the modern reconstruction of Fort Ligonier.
PLAN OF FORT LIGONIER. Despite the title, this manuscript
map (Stotz III-3) was prepared by a professional. It
accompanies the map below. The reproduction in Hulbert(1907)
is shown here.
1758.20 PLAN OF
FORT LIGONIER WITH PART OF THE RETRANCHMENT. An anonymous
manuscript map (Stotz III-4) also reproduced in Hulbert(1907)
which is the image here.
1758.21 PLAN OF
THE RETRENCH'D CAMP AT FORT LIGONIER. This manuscript map
(Stotz III-5) is credited to Richard Dudgeon. It is
similar to the "rough plan" above but with more
detail. The originals of this map and the one below are
in the Royal Library, Windsor Castle.
1758.22 PLAN OF
THE RETRENCH'D CAMP AT FORT LIGONIER 1758. This
manuscript map (Stotz III-6) is attributed to J. C.
Pleydell and differs from the one of similar title above.
It has more detail and north is professionally oriented
at the top.
OF PART OF THE RIVER SUSQUEHANNA, by Joseph Shippen
January 1758. This manuscript map was found under #45 in
the map archives of the American
attributed to Joseph Shippen,
Jr. It is the second of five maps in the Society
collections attributed to Shippen while serving under
Colonel Joseph Burd during the French & Indian War.
County) An anonymous and undated manuscript map in the
British Library showing a junction of the Juniata River.
A MAP OF THAT PART OF AMERICA,
THAT IS NOW THE SEAT OF WAR, FROM QUEBECK TO FORT
DUQUESNE, COMPREHENDING THE ENGLISH SETTLEMENT, ON THE
SEA COAST. This undated and anonymous map is believed to
be by Thomas Kitchin and published in the November 1758 issue of the Grand Magazine of Magazines. Fort Duquesne is named and
the word "now" used, indicating it was made before 1759.
An odd orientation for the Eastern part of North America,
with northeast to the right, Lakes Erie and Ontario to
the top of the sheet, running south to Cape Cod and
Chesapeake Bay. The coast from James Town to Maine is
shown. Lake Erie is placed too far east, names and shows
the locations of various forts.
Longitude west from London, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch =
100 miles. Size: 4.5 x 8 inches.
1758.26 PENNSILVANIA, MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA, page 42 from Atlas Minimus Illustratus: containing fifty-two pocket maps of the world, drawn and engraved by J. Gibson; revised, corrected, and improved, by E. Bowen, Geographer to His Majesty. To which are added a description of the several empires, kingdoms, states, and provinces, of the known world; their seas, harbours, rivers, and mountains: with a concise account of the air, soil, and climate of each; and the government, customs, religion, and manners of the inhabitants. Published by T. Carnan and F. Newbery, London, 1774. The Atlas Minimus Illustratus was issued in 1758, 1774-9, and 1792. Bowen died in 1767 and Gibson in 1787. It was also published by Mathew Carey in Philadelphia in 1798. This version is identical to the original 1758 version. See maps 1758.4, 5, 6 above. Longitude west from London. Blank verso. Scale:1 inch ~ 350 miles. Size: 2.5 x 3.75 inches.
1759.1 TO THE
HONORABLE THOMAS PENN AND RICHARD PENN, ESQURS., TRUE
& ABSOLUTE PROPRIETARIES & GOVERNOURS OF THE
PROVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA & COUNTIES OF NEW-CASTLE,
KENT & SUSSEX ON DELAWARE THIS MAP OF THE IMPROVED
PART OF THE PROVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA. Is humbly dedicated
by Nicholas Scull. Engraved by Jas. Turner and Printed by
John Davis for the author. Published... Jan. 1st 1759.
& Sold by the author, Nicholas Scull, in Second
Street Philadelphia. This is one of the most famous maps
of the state and sometimes considered the first to
present all of the state itself, but it only extends west
to just past the Allegheny Front and north to the Wyoming
Valley. It also appeared as several plates in A
general topography of North America and the West Indies.
Being a collection of all the maps, charts, plans, and
particular surveys, that have been published of that part
of the world, either in Europe or America by Thomas
Jeffreys published in 1768, which is the composite image
here from the Library of Congress. This map was improved
and published in 1770 by Nicholas' grandson, William. For
more on the Scull family, see Cummings, H. M., Docktor (1995),
and Scull, G. D. Sellers & van Ee #1294, Phillips
page 673, Wheat & Brun #422-23.
1759.2 MAP OF THE
COUNTRY BETWEEN WILLS CREEK AND FORT DUQUESNE, from The
Grand Magazine of Universal Intelligence and Monthly
Chronicle of Our Times, January 1759, London: R.
Griffiths & J. Hoey. This map is based upon a drawing
by Capt. Robert Orme, an aide-de-camp to General Braddock,
showing the march to the French Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh)
in 1755 that ended in disaster. It includes southwestern
Pennsylvania, northern Virginia and western Maryland.
Wills Creek is at Cumberland, Maryland, and the
Virginians built a fort there that was the jumping off
point for expeditions to the west. Numbers along the
route of march refer to encampments and appear in a table
on a larger scale version which was eventually published
in Thomas Jeffrey's A General Topography of North
America and the West Indies (1768), along with
several others made by Orme. Those maps are illustrated
in Swift and also in Schwartz (1994), see map 1768.7. The
map has a cartouche with a hanging vine and a compass
rose. Longitude is west from Philadelphia, unusual for a
map published in England, and indicates the map was
possibly prepared in America. The original manuscripts of
Orme's maps are in the British Library and the Library of
Congress has photocopies, see
#255O6.01. Blank verso. Scale:
1 inch = 17 miles. Size: 8 x 5 inches.
1759.3 CARTE DES
POSSISSIONS ANGLOISES & FRANCOISES DU CONTINENT DE L'AMERIQUE
SEPTENTRIONALE ... revised and improved by J. Rocque...1759
(McCorkle #759.1). This is a revised version of the
French map prepared by Kitchen, 1755.9, and has the
English title along the top A MAP OF THE BRITISH AND
FRENCH DOMINIONS IN NORTH AMERICA... . Rocque is best
known for his maps of colonial forts. This image is from
the Library of Congress.
1759.4 PART OF
NORTH AMERICA; COMPREHENDING THE COURSE OF THE OHIO, NEW
ENGLAND, NEW YORK, NEW JERSEY, PENSILVANIA, MARYLAND,
VIRGINIA, CAROLINA AND GEORGIA. From the Dr. Robert, with
improvements. This map (McCorkle #759.2) is a smaller
English version of the de Vaugondy map, 1755.20. It
appeared in the New Geographical Dictionary by
John Barrow, London 1759-60. Longitude west from London,
blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 105 miles. Size: 8.5 x 11.5
1759.5 A NEW AND
ACCURATE MAP OF THE PRESENT SEAT OF WAR IN NORTH AMERICA.
Engraved for the Royal Magazine. G. Rollos sculp. This
map (McCorkle #759.4, Sellers & van Ee #85) looks
very much like the previous magazine maps (1757.3,4) of
similar title. Again Pennsylvania appears on the bottom
of the map only because its boundary is set at the 43rd
1759.6 FORT DU
QUESNE, NOW PITTSBURGH, AND ITS ENVIRONS, from the
January, 1759, issue of The Scots Magazine.
This woodcut map has
sometimes been called the "first map of Pittsburgh,"
since General Forbes' army seized control of the Forks of
the Ohio and renamed it "Pittsburgh" in
November, 1758. Apparently, within three months, a
horseman got to Philadelphia and a ship from there
reached London. The map identifies several sites as given
by the number key at the bottom, and is accompanied by a
short article with extracts from the letters of General
appeared in the London
Magazine of January 1759 as noted in Wheat &
Brun #421. It also appeared in Poor Roger, 1760,
and in Father Abraham's Almanac, 1761, which is
the image shown
from a reproduction in Winsor.
In these later versions the key differs somewhat as
follows: 1) Monongahela River, 2) Fort Duquesne, or
Pittsburgh, 3) the small fort (closer to the Forks), 4)
Allegheny River, 5) Indian town, 6) Shanapins town, 7)
Youghiogheney River, 8) Ohio River, 9) Logs town, 10)
Beaver Creek (or River), 11) Kuskaskies (identified as
chief town of the Six Nations), 12) Shingoes town, 13)
Alleguippes (apparently an Indian town), 14) Sennakaas (another
Indian town), 15) Tuttle (i.e. Turtle) Creek, 16) Pine
Creek. The small fort 3) may refer to Fort Prince George,
constructed by a small force of Virginians under command
of Captain William Trent in 1754, while 2) refers to the
French Fort Duquesne. Another possibility is that the
small fort is Mercer's Fort, constructed to house troops
between the destruction of Fort Duquesne and the building
of Fort Pitt. Scale: 1 inch = 20 miles. Size: 4 x 4
1759.7 A MAP OF
THE PROVINCE OF PENNSYLVANIA intended chiefly to
illustrate the account of the several Indian purchases
made by the proprietors of the said province, the claims
made by the Indians. T. Jeffreys sculp. This map appears
in An enquiry into the causes of the alienation of
the Delaware and Shawanese Indians from the British
interest by Charles Thomas, London 1759. Phillips
1759.8 A PLAN OF
THE NEW FORT AT PITTSBURGH. Novr. 1759. G. Wright fecit.
This manuscript map is the first record of the new fort
to be called Fort Pitt, not even started when this map
was made. The original is in the British Library and it
is illustrated in Brown #36. A later facsimile copy can be seen at the Darlington Library.
This map subsequently
appeared in A Set of Plans and Forts in America
by John Rocque, London 1763, Sellers & van Ee #1331.
There is an anonymous manuscript map in the British
Library with the handwritten title PLAN OF PITTSBURGH 20TH
JANRY, dated 1758 but which must refer to 1760, see
#258A2, also #259A5.02.
1759.9 A PLAN OF
FORT DUQUENSE NOW CALL'D PITTSBURGH. An anonymous
manuscript map of uncertain date probably prepared by a
soldier in Forbes' army. It is not strictly accurate as
one landward bastion present on other views is not shown
and the drawing is somewhat crude. The original is found
in Norris family documents at the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania, and it is illustrated in Brown #34 and
dated circa 1759. This may be the map listed in
1759.10 A CHART
OF LAKE ERIE WITH ROUTE SOUTHWARD. This is an anonymous
manuscript map reproduced in Hulbert(1907) showing the
Allegheny River down to Fort Pitt. It is dated 1756? in
Hulbert, but since Fort Pitt is named the date must be
1759 or later. Only the bottom half covering Pennsylvania
is shown here. This is probably the same map listed in
1759.11 A MAP OF
THAT PART OF AMERICA, THAT IS NOW THE SEAT OF WAR, FROM
QUEBECK TO FORT DUQUESNE, COMPREHENDING THE ENGLISH
SETTLEMENT, ON THE SEA COAST. This undated and anonymous
map is thought to be by Thomas Kitchin, and from the London
Magazine circa 1760. Since it names Fort Duquesne
and includes the word "now" in reference to the
French & Indian War, it must date to the latter 1750's,
possibly as early as 1757. It has an odd northwest-southeast
orientation with Lakes Erie and Ontario to the top of the
sheet and displaced too far east. The coastline from
Maine to Virginia is shown with names and locations of
various towns. Almost all of Pennsylvania is included
with many of the French & Indian War era forts and
towns named. Longitude west from London, blank verso.
Scale: 1 inch = 100 miles. Size: 4.5 x 8 inches.
1759.12 (Fort Le
Boeuf on French Creek) This is an untitled and undated
manuscript drawing of the fort layout (Stotz II-13)
attributed to Thomas Hutchins, who made a journey from
Pittsburgh to Presque Isle and prepared sketches of the
French forts. This one was built in 1753.
Machault at Franklin) This is another untitled and
undated manuscript French fort map by Hutchins; Stotz (II-16)
illustrates a facsimile. The French built this fort on
the Allegheny between Forts Le Boeuf and Duquesne in 1755.
The first French fort built in western Pennsylvania was
at Presque Isle, constructed in 1753, but no contemporary
sketch of this fort survives. The French thus built four
forts in Pennsylvania between Presque Isle and Pittsburgh.
OF THE SITUATION OF FORT BURD ON THE MONONGAHELA Laid out
by J. S. jr. & built by a Detachment of
Pennsylvanians under the Command of Colo. Jas. Burd in
October 1759. The J. S. was apparently Joseph Shippen, an
engineer. This small manuscript map (Stotz II-36) shows
the river, Dunlap's Creek, and the bluff on which the
fort was put. The location is in present day Brownsville,
about a mile from another well known frontier site,
An untitled and anonymous manuscript map of Fort Bedford
reproduced in Hulbert(1907) which is the image here. The
date is uncertain. Stotz (II-50) attributes the map to
Pleydell and says that Forbes did not name the fort until
December, 1758; prior to that the location was known as
Ray's Town or Raystown. There are other manuscript maps
of forts at Carlisle, Shippensburg, and Littleton in the
British Library that may have been prepared by the same
draftsman; see Docktor
#25_A5.03 - .07.
DRAUGHT OF THE MONONGAHELA RIVER FROM FORT BURD TO THE
CONFLUENCE OF MUDDY & CHEAT RIVERS, taken by J.
Shippen, Jr., November 1759. This manuscript map was
found under #45 in the map archives of the American
attributed to Joseph Shippen,
Jr. It is the third of five maps in the Society
collections attributed to Shippen while serving under
Colonel Joseph Burd during the French & Indian War.
Fort Burd was near present day Brownsville and the Cheat
River is at the Pennsylvania and West Virginia border.
This map was likely prepared in conjunction with map 1759.14
This manuscript map of Lititz, a town north of Lancaster,
has been seen for sale as a reproduction dated 1759. The
title is in German Gothic script and is indecipherable
except for "von Litiz." Underneath in script is
"Jacob Huber," apparently the maker. Lititz was
settled by Moravians and many of the original buildings
can be seen today including the large church.
MAP OF THE PROVINCE OF PENSILVANIA. This anonymous map appears opposite page 129 in the March 1759 issue of The Grand Magazine of Magazines, or Universal Register, London: printed for T. Kinnersly, in St. Paul’s Church Yard. It accompanies an article titled 'The present state of Indian affairs in North America.' This short lived periodical was only printed over two years, 1758-59. It included book reviews, military and naval news and maps related to the war with France, a chronology of events, and monthly summaries of stock prices. Intaglio printed maps and illustrations were bound in the pages. This is the second map of Pennsylvania (after map 1756.1) to show the entire state. Scale: 1 inch = 65 miles. Size: 4.25 x 7.5 inches.