In the 1670's, William Penn
became involved in land disputes among Quakers settling in New
Jersey, and he even became a landowner there. Penn therefore had
a hand in establishing three states, New Jersey, Pennsylvania,
and Delaware. Penn's interest in acquiring his own settlement and
the King's interest in paying off a large debt owed to Penn's
father coincided, and led to Penn acquiring his Pennsylvania
colony in 1681.
BELGII QUOD NUNC NOVI JORCK VOCATUR, NOVAE QZ ANGLIAE
& PARTIS VIRGINIAE ACCURATISSIMA ET NOVISSIMA
DELINEATIO, by Arnold Montanus, published in De
Nieuwe En Onbekende Weereld...America.., Amsterdam
1671 (McCorkle #671.1, Burden #411). This map is a
Jansson-Visscher derivative and is illustrated in the New
England map checklist at
, Issue 14. The same map
appeared in America: Being the Latest, and most
Accurate Description of the New World..., by John
Ogilby, London 1671, who used several of the Montanus
maps. The images shown here, in
views, are from the 1673
German edition of Montanus, Die unbekante neue Welt,
oder Beschreibung des Welt-teils Amerika... . The
same plate was apparently used in all Montanus/Ogilby
editions (see #21 in Campbell, Chapter 8 in Tooley). The
west bank of the Delaware is lined with settlement names.
An elaborate cartouche covers the lower right. Longitude
east of Ferro, blank verso. Scale: 1 inch = 60 miles.
Size: 11.25 x 14.5 inches.
VIRGINIA TABULA, this derivative of Smith's map also
appeared in Montanus' De Nieuwe En Onbekende Weereld...America..,
Amsterdam 1671 (Burden #412). The same map appeared
in America by John Ogilby, London 1671. This is
listed as derivative 8 by Verner (in Chapter 4 of Tooley).
TERRAE MARIAE TABULA, a map also appearing in Ogilby's America
is the second version of Lord Baltimore's map of 1635.
The head of Chesapeake Bay is more refined and Ogilby has
tried to recover some territory for Maryland by pushing
the 40th parallel past the head of the bay. The map
apparently did not appear in Montanus, per the
description in the Maryland State Archives where this map
is #171O5. The map is illustrated in Pritchard &
Taliaferro #12, Burden #417.
1672.1 A DRAUGHT
OF THE SEA COAST AND RIVERS OF VIRGINIA, MARYLAND, AND
NEW ENGLAND, Taken from the latest Surveys, London
Printed for Ric. Blome (McCorkle #672.1, Burden #419).
This map appears in A Description Of The Island Of
Jamaica ..., London, 1672, by Blome and is
illustrated at MapForum.Com
, Issue 14, and also in
Papenfuse & Coale. Delaware Bay is named, though the
river is not shown. The boundary of Maryland is indicated
by a dashed line following 40 degrees to Delaware Bay and
including southern Pennsylvania and all of Delaware. The
map is rather crude for this late a date. There is a 1674
French version of this map included below.
in the 1670's, a manuscript map attributed to Hugues
Randin appeared. It is reproduced in Brown, No. 3, who
dates it circa 1672-1682. The map is titled CARTE DE L'AMERIQUE
SEPTENTRIONALE DEPUIS L'EMBROUCHURE DE LA RIVIERE ST.
LAURENS JUSQUES AU SIEN MEXIQUE, and as the title
indicates shows the region from the St. Lawrence to the
Gulf. The Pennsylvania region is a blank. It is also
illustrated in Johnson (1974) dated circa 1680 who says
it was initiated by Louis de Buade, Count of Frontenac.
AND MARYLAND, by Augustine Herrman. This map is
interesting because of its bearing on the Pennsylvania-Maryland
boundary. It correctly shows the 40th parallel many miles
north of the mouth of the Susquehanna River near the
future location of Philadelphia. This map was provided to
the British government prior to granting the Pennsylvania
charter, but for some reason not used. The original map
was in four separate panels, each reproduced in
Stephenson & McKee, Burden #429. Herrman was an
important figure in colonial America, see Kansky.
This image is from a 1909
reproduction by the state, see Mathews.
BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABVLA.
The dating of this map is
uncertain (McCorkle #680.2, Burden #434). It has the same
title as a 1662 map by Hugo Allard (Burden #373). Burden
says that the maps of Jansson, Visscher, and Nieuwenhof
can be reliably dated, but the maps of Danckerts and
Allard cannot. Sometime circa 1670-80 Justus Danckerts
published this derivative of the Jansson-Visscher maps
which of course did not include Pennsylvania. A 1685
State 2 version is titled NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE
NEC NON PENNSYLVANIAE, ET PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABVLA and
illustrated at MapForum.Com
, Issue 14, where this State 1
map is dated circa 1673. Burden considers this the last
map of the Jansson-Visscher series and the map naming
Pennsylvania to be different enough to be considered a
(Great Lakes) A
manuscript map is reproduced in The Annals of America,
Vol. 1 page 307 (see Adler in the References), dated 1673
and called Louis Jolliet's "Smaller Map." It
shows the Great Lakes region. The Pennsylvania region is
1673.4 A NEW MAPP
OF THE NORTH PART OF AMERICA FROM HUDSON STRAIGHTS
COMMANLY CALL'D THE NORWEST PASSAGE INCLUDING
NEWFOUNDLAND NEW SCOTLAND NEW ENGLAND VIRGINIA MARYLAND
& CAROLENA, by John Thornton (McCorkle #673.4, Burden
#432). This map has the coast as two disconnected parts
separated right where Pennsylvania would be, the region
is a blank. It is reproduced in Pritchard &
1674.1 COSTES ET
RIVIERES DE VIRGINIE, DE MARILAND ET DE NOUVELLE
ANGLETERRE, R. Michault sculp., published by Henri Justel
in Receuil De Divers Voyages Faits En Afrique Et En L'Amerique
..., Paris, 1674 (McCorkle #674.1, Burden #439). This
map is similar to the Blome map 1672.1 and illustrated at
, Issue 14. It is listed in the
Maryland State Archives as MSA SC 1399 -1-452.
and Joliet are famous names in French exploration of the
North American interior. A manuscript map by Louis Joliet
titled NOUVELLE DECOUVERTE DE PLUSIEURS NATIONS DANS LA
NOUVELLE FRANCE, and dated 1673-1674 is reproduced in
Fite & Freeman and other map histories. It shows the
eastern United States and is important for its
delineation of the Mississippi River basin. It is quite
crude with little detail and the Great Lakes are greatly
exaggerated in size. This image is a reproduction from
the Library of Congress.
1675.1 In 1675,
Arent Roggeveen published Het eerste deel van het
Brandende Veen which contained PASCAERT VAN NIEW
NEDERLAND STRECKENDE VANDE ZUIJDT REVIER TOT DE NOORDT
REVIER EN'T LANGE EIJLAND (Burden #450). The map is
listed in Weslager and reproduced in Stokes which is the
image shown here. Roggeveen included a series of charts
of the coastline, this one shows the Delaware Bay and
Pennsylvania region. McCorkle lists some of the other
charts that show New England. Another chart in the atlas
is titled PASCAERTE VANDE VIRGINIES VAN BAYA DE LA
MAGDELENA TOT DE ZUYDT REVIER (Burden #451) which may
just barely include a tiny slice of Pennsylvania. The
charts were published as late as 1717.
1675.2 A MAPP OF
NEW JARSEY by John Seller. This map is reproduced in
Schwartz & Ehrenberg, Snyder, and Burden #463 with
this date, settlements along the west bank of the
Delaware in Pennsylvania are shown. In his checklist of
Delaware maps, Dunlop dates this map to 1664 and says it
comes from John Seller's Atlas Maritimus. This
is not correct as the Atlas Maritimus did not
appear until the 1670's. This map is #38 in Stevens and
Tree (Chapter 2 of Tooley), where four versions are
listed: ?1664, ?1665, circa 1670, 1677. The first three
states are reproduced. The 1660 dates for this map are
thought incorrect and the 1675 date for its first
appearance seems most reasonable. A second version
appeared in 1677 and is in the Blathwayt Atlas. The image
here is from Stokes.
1675.3 A CHART OF
THE SEA COASTS OF NEW=ENGLAND NEW=JARSEY VIRGINIA
MARYLAND AND CAROLINA FROM C. COD TO C. HATTERAS BY JOHN
SELLER HYDROGR TO THE KING, IAMES CLERK SCULPSIT. This
map (McCorkle #675.6, Burden #462) is in Seller's Atlas
Maritimus, London 1675. It can be seen at
, Issue 6, which presents a
collation of the Atlas Maritimus.
ENGLAND AND NEW YORK, by John Speed in A Prospect of
the Most Famous Parts of the World, Sold by Tho:
Bassett in Fleetstreet, and Richard Chiswell in S.t Pauls
Churchyard London 1675 (McCorkle #675.8, Burden #458).
This map includes all of eastern Pennsylvania showing the
Delaware and Susquehanna Rivers and the town of New
Castle in Delaware. Indian tribes named for the state
include 'Sasquahanna', 'Matanac kouses', 'Gocheps', 'Armeomecks',
'Canomakers', 'Mennessinck or land of Bacham'. In 1611
John Speed published the atlas of Great Britain Theatre
of the Empire of Great Britain and in 1627 the world
atlas A Prospect of the most famous Parts of the World.
In 1675 Speed was long dead but Bassett & Chiswell
brought out new editions of his atlases with new maps.
The so called 'small' edition of A Prospect... was
published in 1675. In 1676, Bassett & Chiswell
included it as an addendum in Speed's The Theatre of
the Empire of Great Britain. The coloring on this
copy is not original. Longitude east from Ferro. The
verso is page 225 with text. Scale: 1 inch = 165 miles.
Size: 3.5 x 5 inches.
AND MARYLAND, by John Speed in A Prospect of the Most
Famous Parts of the World. This map (Burden #459) is
a smaller scale version of the 1676 map and covers the
same region. Apparently neither this map nor the one
above appeared in the earlier editions of Speed's atlas.
The Pennsylvania region is covered by the cartouche and a
1676.1 A MAP OF
VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND, by Francis Lamb, was published in
the last edition of John Speed's The Theatre of the
Empire of Great Britain, issued by Thomas Basset
& Richard Chiswel, London 1676. It resembles the
Hermann map and is reproduced in Stephenson & McKee,
Burden #456. Verner (in Chapter 4 of Tooley) calls it
derivative 9 of Smith's map and it can be seen at
, Issue 3. Speed's A
Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World was
included as an addendum to The Theatre... and is
sometimes listed as the source of this map as The
Theatre... itself contained only maps of Britain.
1676.2 A MAP OF
NEW ENGLAND AND NEW YORK Sold by Tho: Bassett in
Fleetstreet, and Richard Chiswell in S.t Pauls Churchyard
from Speed's A Prospect Of The Most Famous Parts Of
The World ... London, 1676 (McCorkle #676.6, Burden #455),
included as an addendum to Speed's The Theatre... . This
map differs from the 1675 map and is a Jansson-Visscher
derivative, it is illustrated at
, Issue 14 and also Issue 3;
there is also a large reproduction in Johnson (1974).
1676.3 A MAP OF
NEW ENGLAND NEW YORKE NEW IERSEY MARY-LAND & VIRGINIA,
Sould by Robert Morden at y.e Atlas in Corn-hill neer y.e
Royal Exchange and by William Berry at y.e Globe between
York House & y.e New Exchange in y.e Strande London (McCorkle
#676.3, Burden #472). This map was advertised in the
London Gazette for February, 1676, and is illustrated at
, Issue 14. It somewhat
resembles a Jansson-Visscher map but has a cleaner 'English'
look. Almost all of the region that would become
Pennsylvania is included. A few settlements on the lower
Delaware River are named.
VAN NIEU NEDERLANDT..., by Hendrick Doncker from De
Nieuwe Grote ... Zee-Atlas, Amsterdam 1676 (McCorkle
#676.1). This map is similar to Colom's of 1656. Doncker's
sea atlas was published from 1676 to 1705.
1676.5 A NEW
CHART FOR THE SEACOASTS OF NEWFOUND LAND NEW SCOTLAND NEW
ENGLAND NEW JARSEY VIRGINIA AND MARYLAND, by John
Thornton John Seller William Fisher James Atkinson John
Colson. This map is from the Atlas Maritimus,
London 1676 (McCorkle #676.7, Burden #495). These are the
same folks who later put out The English Pilot, The
Fourth Book, in 1689 and this map was used there.
Pennsylvania is a blank. This image is from the National
Archives of Canada.
1676.6 CANADA OR
NEW FRANCE. This tiny map (Burden #479) is from a pack of
playing cards issued by John Seller circa 1676. It shows
the northeast from Greenland to Virginia and is the only
card to include the Pennsylvania region. Similar decks of
cards were issued by other mapmakers of the time, some (or
most) not including maps of Pennsylvania as defined here.
1677.1 A MAPP OF
NEW JERSEY IN AMERICA by John Seller and William Fisher,
reproduced in Swift (2001) and dated circa 1680, Lister
and Black date this map to 1677. The map shows several
settlements and Indian tribes along the west bank of the
Delaware River. It is a later version with a longer title
of the 1675 Seller map, and shown in Snyder, Schwartz
& Ehrenberg, Burden #463.2, and Stokes which is the
An untitled manuscript map is reproduced in Swift from a
copy in the Public Record Office, London. It shows the
Chesapeake and Delaware Bay areas north to the Schyulkill,
and was based on the 1673 Herrmann map. Pennsylvania and
Philadelphia are not named, so it likely dates sometime
between 1673 and 1681. Swift dates it circa 1681. However,
Black more reasonably dates it circa 1677 which is the
date followed here. The manuscript map described by Black
in the Blathwayt Atlas is almost the same as the
one in the Public Record Office, and both are thought
copied from Hermann's original 1673 map. There is a
companion manuscript map covering southern Maryland and
Virginia which does not include Pennsylvania.
EMPIRE, by James Moxon from Geographical Cards,
describing the whole world (Burden #489). Another
playing card map, this one showing the northeast from
Newfoundland to Maryland with north to the right. The
size of the St. Lawrence is greatly exaggerated.
1677.4 A MAP OF
NEW IARSEY by John Seller. This crude map of New Jersey
was found in a copy of Seller's Atlas Terrestris dated
circa 1700. It is a much cruder version of the 1675 New
Jersey map, with north at the right, and bears all the
signs of having been made before 1680. Pennsylvania is
not named and Maryland extends into where the state will
be. It was made after 1676 when Jersey was divided into
east and west. Burden (#493) dates this map to circa 1677
and says it appears in copies of the Atlas Terrestris
and Atlas Maritimus from the mid 1680s.
1678.1 A MAPP OF
VIRGINIA, MARY=LAND, NEW=JARSEY, NEW=YORK & NEW
ENGLAND. by John Thornton at the Sundyall in the Minories
and by Robert Green at ye Rose and Crowne in Budgrowe,
London. This map was likely first published sometime
between 1673 and 1680. McCorkle dates it to 1673 (McCorkle
#673.2, Burden #507), however it is based on Herrman's
map and so should date somewhat later. This map is
reproduced in Mercator Society Publication One on English
maps dated 1678 and that dating is followed here. Black
also dates the map 1678-79 from a copy in the Blathwayt
Atlas. Stevens and Tree (Chapter 2 in Tooley) list
two early versions circa 1673-80 and a later one circa
1685 altered to show Pennsylvania. The map shown in
McCorkle as #673.2 is actually the later version. The
early version hand marked in ink to include Pennsylvania
is shown in Pritchard & Taliaferro #73 Custis Atlas.
The map shows the coast from the Chesapeake to the Hudson.
A small inset map shows New England. Both the Chesapeake
and the Delaware are shown in considerable detail and
accuracy as on Hermann's map. This image is from Stokes
and is the early version.
1678.2 A German
version of Pierre Duval's Le Monde Terreste was
published by Johann Hoffman titled Geographiae
Universalis. It contained reengravings of the Duval
maps 1660.1-3 titled VIRGINIA, CANADA, and FLORIDA (Burden
1679.1 A MAP OF Y.E
ENGLISH EMPIRE IN Y.E CONTINENT OF AMERICA VIZ VIRGINIA
MARY LAND CAROLINA NEW YORK NEW IARSEY NEW ENGLAND &c.t
by R. Daniel Esq:r W. Binneman sculpsit. Licensed by R. L'Estrange
Esq.r Sold by R. Morden at y.e Atlas in Cornhill neer y.e
Royal Ex-chang & by W. Berry at y.e Globe near
Charing Cross London. This map by R. Daniel appeared
circa 1679 (McCorkle #679.1, Burden #514) and a 1712
version is illustrated at
, Issue 14. This would be one
of the last views of the region before the appearance of
Pennsylvania. The main map shows the coast from the
Chesapeake north. A small inset map shows the southeast
coast. This map includes a whaling scene off Long Island,
one of the earliest depictions of whaling in America.
The image here is from Stokes.
SIVE NOVA FRANCIA by Nicolas Sanson (McCorkle #679.3,
Burden #511). This is a later version of the Sanson map
of 1657 published by Johann David Zunners in Die
Gantze Erd-Kugel. The same atlas has Sanson's
FLORIDA (Burden #512).
1679.3 CANADA OR
NEW FRANCE. This small crude map appears in John Seller's
Atlas Minimus, or A Book of Geography: shewing all
the empires, monarchies, kingdomes, regions, dominions,
principalities and countries in the whole world,
published in 1679. It shows the northeast coast from
Virginia all the way to Greenland with no detail. Burden
says the maps in this volume were altered versions of
playing card maps previously published, see map 1676.6.
TEIOCHA RONTIONG DU CONMUNEMENT LAC ERIE, an anonymous
and undated French manuscript map showing the Lake Erie
region. The Library of Congress has a photocopy and dates
it circa 1679. The original is in French archives.