The English took control of
the Delaware and Hudson River regions from the Dutch in 1664 and,
except for a short hiatus in 1673-74 when the Dutch attempted a
comeback, maintained control until the Revolution. However, in
the Pennsylvania region settlement remained largely Swedish and
Dutch until the arrival of William Penn. The legal basis of
Pennsylvania land holdings dates from 1664 when the area came
under the British Crown. Old land patents issued under the
Swedish and Dutch colonial administrations were (for the most
part) renewed and signed by the English royal governors prior to
1681. These governors were Richard Nicolls (1664-1668), Francis
Lovelace (1668-1673), and Edmund Andros (1674-1681). Of course,
all this business of establishing land rights ignored the native
1660.1 CARTE DE
LA VIRGINIE par P. Duval Geogra. du Roy. A. Paris. A small map published in Le
Monde Terrestre, an atlas of small maps (Burden #341,
who says the first state was dated 1659) which apparently appeared in 1660. The map shows the coast from
Long Island to Carolina. The settlement 'Cristina' is
shown and the Pennsylvania region called 'N. Svede'. The map shown here is called state 3 by Burdon, and dated to 1663; state 4 of this
map published in 1672 can be seen at
, Issue 4. The last state
appeared circa 1690 in a German edition of Duval's atlas.
Later versions of Duval's atlas were titled La
Geographie Universelle and Le Monde ou la
Geographie Universelle with slight changes to the
maps. Blank verso, longitude apparently east of Ferro. Scale: 1 inch = 215 miles. Size: 4 x 4.75 inches.
map in the Duval atlas is titled simply CANADA (Burden #351)
and shows the region from Virginia to north of Hudson Bay.
The word Hurons appears, but apparently identifies the
Indian tribe, not the lake. Lake Ontario is called Lac S.
Louis, and Erie is called Lac du Chat, or Lake of the Cat.
Today we might say cougar or mountain lion, and the name
apparently referred to an Indian tribe. 'Christina' and 'N.
le Svede' are identified. Shown here is plate 47 from Geographiae universalis pars prior. Das ist: Der allgemeinen Erd=Beschreibung. Erster Theil, Nuremburg, Johann Hoffmann, 1694. This German edition of Duval's atlas first appeared in 1678 and this printing is very likely from the same plate. This copy matches the description given in Burden for that state. Intaglio print, blank verso. Longitude apparently east from Ferro. Scale: 1 inch = 618 miles. Size: 4 x 4.75 inches.
1660.3 LA FLORIDE
by Pierre Duval (Burden #352), a reduced version of the
1657 map by Sanson, which can be said to include
Pennsylvania only because Lake Erie is positioned three
degrees too far south.
1660.4 In 1660,
Pieter van Alphen published a sea atlas with the chart
NIEUWE WASSENDE GRAADE PASKAEERT... (Burden #344) showing
the east coast. The Delaware is not even shown and it is
a stretch to include this map here as Cuba appears along
the bottom edge.
1660.5 PAS CAERT
VAN NIEU NEDERLAND VIRGINIA EN NIEU ENGELANT, a sea atlas
chart by Hendrick Doncker (Burden #348) shows the
Delaware with the capes named, and is a derivative of
Colom's 1656 map.
1660.6 A map by
Francois du Creux titled TABVLA NOVAE FRANCIAE ANNO 1660
may actually have been published in 1664 per Burden,
where the map is #349. The Delaware area is called Nova
Svecia, the capes are named, and 'Chrisana' shown. Lakes
Ontario, Erie, Huron, and Superior have their modern
names, but not Lake Michigan. This image of the southwest
section is from Winsor.
1661.1 PAS CAERTE
VAN NIEV-NEDERLAND EN DE ENGELSCHE VIRGINIES..., appears
in a sea atlas published by Joannes van Loon (Burden #366).
This resembles the 1660 Doncker map but with more detail
in the Delaware River area. Fort Christina, Finlande,
Uplandt, Schuyl Kill are all named along with several
NOVA BELGII NOVAEQVE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINAE
TABULA, by Hugo Allard (Burden #373) is another version
of the Jansson-Visscher map. 'C. Cornelius' is still
there with 'C. Hinlopen' pushed south and the settlement
names along the Delaware given. Delaware Bay is called 'Nieuw
Port May' and actually given some soundings. Three states
of this map from 1673 to 1720 are illustrated in the New
England map checklist at
, Issue 13, where the various
versions are listed. The title TOTIUS NEOBELGII NOVA ET
ACCURATISSIMA TABULA appeared later on the 1674 version.
In 1663 Jacob Colom issued a chart called T' AMSTERDAM (Burden
#375), an updated version of his father Arnold Colom's
map of 1656. The Delaware Bay region is unchanged. This
chart can be seen at
, Issue 2.
Reduced versions of Sir Robert Dudley's charts of
1646 were published in Italy circa 1665 and attributed to
Antonio Lucini. One of these is CARTA SECONDA GENERALE
DEL' AMERICA (Burden #384). No additional information is
given on the map.
1666.1 A LAND-SKIP
OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND... is a promotional map
published by George Alsop (Burden #385) in a tract he
wrote called A character of the province of Maryland.
This is a crude map with little detail; the 'Sufquehanok
River' is shown and the map includes a strip of southern
Pennsylvania. This image is from a modern (1902) reprint
of Alsop's writings.
Goos published De Zee Atlas ofte Water-Weereld
in 1666. It contains the map PAS CAERTE VAN NIEU
NEDERLANDT EN DE ENGELSCHE VIRGINIES... (Burden #387)
which is a version of the 1661 van Loon and previous
Doncker maps. This chart can be seen at
, Issue 2.
VAN DE ZUYDT EN NOORDT REVIER IN NIEU NEDERLANT
STRECKENDE VAN CABO HINLOOPEN TOT RECHKEWACH. This is
another map in the Goos atlas with a large scale view of
the Delaware River (Burden #388). It is essentially a map
of New Jersey clearly showing the string of forts along
the Delaware to just north of the 'Schuyl Kill'. On the
Pennsylvania side appear Fort Kafimiris, Fort Criftina,
Laplandt, Matinnccongh (probably an Indian village), and
Gottenburgh. What is now Philadelphia is called 'Sauno',
apparently an Indian tribe. The image here is from Stokes.
CARTE DE LA NOVVELLE FRANCE. This is identified by Burden
as the third state of Champlain's 1632 map (Burden #237).
McCorkle lists it separately (#669.2) and identifies it
as a plagerized version by Antoine de Fer. No additional
information is provided for the Pennsylvania region.