||Pennsylvania Regional Maps 1640's
In the 1640's Swedish, Dutch,
and English settlers in some numbers began to colonize the west
bank of the Delaware River and the Schuylkill River.
NOVVELLE FRANCE, a manuscript map drawn on animal hide
probably by a Jesuit missionary. It is known as the
"Huron Map" and shows the Great Lakes region;
indicating (apparently) Chesapeake Bay by an inlet
between "La Virginie" and "La Novvelle
Flandrs". The territory of the Iroquois covers much
of Pennsylvania. The original is in the Canada Archives
and it is illustrated as Map 8 in Hayes.
DESCRIPTION DE LA NOVVELLE FRANCE by Jean Boisseau (Burden
#261). In 1643, Jean Boisseau published an expanded
version of Champlain's 1632 map. Some consider this the
first map to illustrate and name all five Great Lakes,
although the imagination is needed to see Lake Michigan
and the claim works only if the lake is attributed to one
of the river systems depicted, or to a 'Lac des Puans'
located north of Lake Superior. Lake Erie is a tiny pond
named 'Lac Derie' (or Lac D' Erie?). A second state of
this map with some name additions was issued circa 1664.
This map is shown at The
Cartographic Creation of New England
CARTE SECONDA GENERALE DEL' AMERICA by Sir Robert Dudley
from Dell' Arcano del Mare published in 1646,
the first printed English nautical atlas. And no, this is
not the paramour of Elisabeth Rex, but his son. The
Maryland Archives (quoting other sources) says the
following: "Sir Robert Dudley (also Duke of
Northumberland, Earl of Warwick) lived from 1574 to 1649.
He was the illegitimate son of the Earl of Leicester, the
favorite of Elizabeth the First. He first became a
buccaneer, sacking Spanish towns with Sir Francis Drake
and visiting the New World. He made a voyage to the West
Indies and Guiana in 1594 in the 'Earwig' and the 'Bear,'
his pilots being Abraham Kendal and John Davies. These
pilots supplied some of the information for his charts
and some also probably came from his brother-in-law,
Henry Cavendish, the navigator. Dudley was forced to
leave England because of his religion and went to Italy,
where he took service with Cosmos II, Duke of Tuscany,
and where his maps were published in Italian rather than
in his native tongue." This is one of two charts
relating to North America (Burden #267) and shows the
coast from Nova Scotia to 'C. Canaveral'. 'Delawar Bay'
is named and 'C. May', however what had been Cape
Henlopen becomes 'C. James'. A 1661 version of this chart
can be seen at MapForum.Com
, Issue 2. The image shown here
is from Stokes.
NOVA BELGICA ET ANGLIA NOVA by Johannes Jansson. This map
shows the middle Atlantic region and is an example of the
second state of Jansson's 1636 map. In 1647 Jansson
altered the title of the 1636 map to match that of the 'upside
down' Blaeu map of 1635. The map includes early additions
of the names N. Amsterdam, Manbattes and the Zuydt Rivier
(the Delaware). Image from the Heritage Map Museum CD by
PARTICOLARE DELLA NUOUA BELGIA... by Sir Robert Dudley
from Dell' Arcano del Mare. This map (Burden #278)
appears in the sixth part of Dudley's atlas, apparently
published in 1648, where 'C. Hinlopen' reappears and 'C.
James' is farther south. An image of this map from the
1661 second edition can be seen at The
Cartographic Creation of New England
CARTA PARTICOLARE DELLA VIRGINIA.... However, the very
next map (Burden #279) in Dudley's series names 'B.
DellaWar' with 'C. May' and 'C. James'. This map can be
seen at Hargrett
Library Rare Map Collection - Colonial America
. A 1661 version is reproduced
in Pritchard & Taliaferro #9. A following map (Burden
#280) is titled CARTA PARTICOLARE DELLA COFTA DI FLORIDA
E DI VIRGINIA and is on a smaller scale extending further
south. The Delaware Bay representation is similar. It can
be argued that none of these 1648 Dudley maps should be
included here as they show nothing away from the coast
and hence likely nothing of Pennsylvania.
VIRGINIA, from the Atlas Minor of Mercator,
another derivative of Smith's map from Jansson published
in Amsterdam 1648. Listed as derivative 7 by Verner (in
Chapter 4 of Tooley) and as #287 by Burden. This was a
reengraving of the 1628 original with no new information.